AP English Language and Composition Practice Test 17

Questions 1-11 refer to the following information.

This passage is a speech delivered in 1873 by the renowned social reformer and advocate for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony.

Friends and fellow citizens:
I stand before you tonight under indictment for the alleged crime of having voted
in the last presidential election, without having a lawful right to vote. It shall be my
work this evening to prove to you that in thus voting, I not only committed no crime,
5but, instead, simply exercised my citizen's rights, guaranteed to me and all United
States citizens by the National Constitution, beyond the power of any State to deny
. . . . The preamble of the Federal Constitution says:
"We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish
justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote
10the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity,
do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."
It was we, the people; not we, the white male citizens; nor yet we, the male citizens;
but we, the whole people, who formed the Union. And we formed it, not to give
the blessings of liberty, but to secure them; not the half of ourselves and the half of
15our posterity, but to the whole people-women as well as men. And it is downright
mockery to talk to women of their enjoyment of the blessings of liberty while they
are denied the use of the only means of securing them provided by this democratic-republican
government-the ballot.
For any state to make sex a qualification that must ever result in the disenfranchisement
20of one entire half of the people is to pass a bill of attainder,1 or an ex post
facto law,2 and is therefore a violation of the supreme law of the land. By it the blessings
of liberty are forever withheld from women and their female posterity. To them
this government has no just powers derived from the consent of the governed. To
them this government is not a democracy. It is not a republic. It is an odious aristocracy;
25a hateful oligarchy3 of sex; the most hateful aristocracy ever established on
the face of the globe; an oligarchy of wealth, where the rich govern the poor. An oligarchy
of learning, where the educated govern the ignorant, or even an oligarchy of
race, where the Saxon rules the African, might be endured; but this oligarchy of sex,
which makes father, brothers, husbands, sons, the oligarchs over the mother and sisters,
30the wife and daughters of every household-which ordains all men sovereign,
all women subjects, carries dissension, discord and rebellion into every home of the
nation.
Webster, Worcester and Bouvier all define a citizen to be a person in the United
States, entitled to vote and to hold office. The only question left to be settled now is:
35Are women persons? And I hardly believe any of our opponents will have the hardihood
to say they are not. Being persons, then, women are citizens; and no State has
a right to make any law, or to enforce an old law, that shall abridge their privileges
or immunities. Hence, every discrimination against women in the constitutions
and laws of the several States is today null and void, precisely as in every one against
40negroes.

1 An act that takes away one's civil rights.

2 A law that imposes punishment for an act not punishable when it was committed.

3 The exercise of power in the hands of a privileged few.

1. The opening sentence of the passage (lines 2–3) performs which of the following rhetorical functions?

I. It states the main idea of the passage.

II. It provides a reason for delivering the speech.

III. It reveals the speaker's mood.

2. Which of the following phrases does the author use to support her claim that she is innocent of committing a crime?

3. The primary rhetorical purpose of quoting the Federal Constitution can best be described as

4. In the preamble (lines 8–11), which of the following words is parallel in function to "establish" (lines 8–9)?

5. Throughout the second paragraph (lines 12–18), the rhetorical strategy most in evidence is

6. The phrase "downright mockery" (lines 15–16) is reinforced by the author's later reference to

7. Lines 19–21 contain which of the following?

8. By comparing an "oligarchy of sex" (line 28) with an "oligarchy of race" (lines 27–28) the speaker primarily means to suggest that

9. The point of view expressed in "It is an odious . . .the poor" (lines 24–26) is that of

10. The organization of the last paragraph (lines 33–40) can best be described as a

11. The tone of the passage as a whole can best be described as