AP English Language and Composition Practice Test 18

Questions 1-11 refer to the following information.

This passage is taken from a 20th-century book on the history and culture of the Kiowa Indians.

Yellowstone, it seemed to me, was the top of the world, a region of deep lakes and
dark timber, canyons and waterfalls. But, beautiful as it is, one might have the sense
of confinement there. The skyline in all directions is close at hand, the high wall of
the woods and deep cleavages of shade. There is a perfect freedom in the mountains,
5but it belongs to the eagle and the elk, the badger and the bear. The Kiowas reckoned
their stature by the distance they could see, and they were bent and blind in the
Descending eastward, the highland meadows are a stairway to the plain. In July
the inland slope of the Rockies is luxuriant with flax and buckwheat, stonecrop
10and larkspur. The earth unfolds and the limit of the land recedes. Clusters of trees,
and animals grazing far in the distance, cause the vision to reach away and wonder
to build upon the mind. The sun follows a longer course in the day, and the sky is
immense beyond all comparison. The great billowing clouds that sail upon it are
shadows that move upon the grain like water, dividing light. Farther down, in the
15land of the Crows and Blackfeet, the plain is yellow. Sweet clover takes hold of the
hills and bends upon itself to cover and seal the soil. There the Kiowas paused on the
way; they had come to the place where they must change their lives. The sun is at
home on the plains. Precisely there does it have the certain character of a god. When
the Kiowas came to the land of the Crows, they could see the dark lees of the hills at
20dawn across the Bighorn River, the profusion of light on the grain shelves, the oldest
deity ranging after the solstices. Not yet would they veer southward to the caldron
of the land that lay below; they must wean their blood from the northern winter and
hold the mountains a while longer in their view. . . .
A dark mist lay over the Black Hills, and the land was like iron. At the top of a ridge
25I caught sight of Devil's Tower upthrust against the gray sky as if in the birth of time
the core of the earth had broken through its crust and the motion of the world was begun.

1. The diction and content of the passage suggest that the speaker is most likely

2. The main rhetorical function of the last sentence in paragraph 1 (lines 5–7) is

3. In line 8, "Descending" modifies

4. Which of the following best describes the rhetorical function of the first sentence of the second paragraph (line 8)?

5. Lines 12–14 contain which of the following rhetorical devices?

6. The principal contrast employed by the author of the passage is between

7. The speaker's tone throughout the passage is best described as

8. The sentences in lines 17–21 contain all of the following EXCEPT

9. In context, the phrase "wean their blood" (line 22) is referred to elsewhere as

10. The rhetorical style of the passage is best described as

11. The last paragraph (lines 24–27) contributes to the overall unity of the passage in which of the following ways?

I. It echoes the sense of darkness that dominated the first paragraph.

II. It describes the land in ways that recall earlier descriptions.

III. It brings the speaker's perspective back into the narrative.