The passage below is an excerpt from a 20th-century book.
|a much finer fashion. This time, however, the damage was far too extensive. The|
5tragedy was compounded by the great number of people and buildings which were
concentrated along the path of the fault.
The destruction caused by the earthquake and the ensuing fire in the Italian
Quarter resulted in the complete loss of the district. The Italian Quarter, as other
parts of the city hit by the disaster, had been reduced to a knotted, tangled mass
10of bent steel frames, charred bricks, and ashes. In North Beach, only a small part
of the community remained. The Italians on Telegraph Hill had been luckier than
most, although they suffered losses since insurance companies were not interested
in insuring remote areas of the Hill. The scattered fire hydrants and water cisterns
were not to be found east of Dupont Street and the insurance companies were not
15willing to gamble. It was reported in the Italian press that some 20,000 Italians lost
their homes in the conflagration.1
One of the priests from the church of Sts. Peter and Paul had managed to save the
consecrated host, vestments, and holy vessels2 and said Mass under the inflamed
sky. After the fires had died, the Italians quietly returned to North Beach and tried to
20find the confidence to rebuild Little Italy.3
Approximately five to six hundred Italians had definitely left San Francisco due
to this tragic event, while over six thousand new immigrants arrived and helped
the survivors clear the ruins. Seven hundred building permits were granted to
North Beach Italian residents and businessmen4 to expedite the construction of the
25Colony. Several real estate firms, such as the J. Cuneo Company in North Beach,
demonstrated their confidence in the determination of the Italians by investing
$400,000 in the reconstruction of apartments, stores, flats, and business offices.5
Temporary buildings were cheaply erected for immediate occupancy, while the
leaders of the Colony were busily engaged in drawing up plans for a modern Little
30Italy. The buildings would be simple, small, neat, and airy, which combined both
functional and classical lines.6 One writer described this new architecture as a reflection
of the Italian immigrants' acceptance of American ways.7 The most picturesque
features of the flats and apartments were the roof-top sun decks with flower gardens.8
Part of the planning for the new Colony included the renaming of two of the main
35thoroughfares of the Italian Quarter. In 1907, one-half of Dupont Street was renamed
Grant Avenue, and by the end of 1908 all of Dupont became Grant Avenue. By 1910,
Montgomery Avenue was renamed Columbus Avenue and still retained its fame as
"The Avenue." The changes in these street names denoted a change in the geographic
character of the Italian Quarter.
1"La Infernale Catastrofe de San Francisco," L'Italia, p. 1. April 1906.
2"The Frightful Calamity on the Pacific Coast," Leslie's Weekly, 102:418. May 3, 1906.
3"La Riconstruzione de San Francisco," La Voce del Popolo, p, 1. May 12, 1906.
4"Facts and Figures Worthy of Consideration," L'Italia, p. 1. April 28, 1906.
5"J. Cuneo Co." L'Italia, July 2, 1906. In deposit, Bank of America NT&SA Archives, San Francisco.
6"Curious Tour of City Leaves Telegraph Hill for Fisherman's Wharf," San Francisco Chronicle, p. 12. Feb. 16, 1932.
7 Peixotto, Scribner's, 48:82. July, 1910.
8 J.M. Scanland, "On the Roofs of the Latin Quarter," Overland Monthly, 57:330. March, 1911.
1. The speaker's main focus in the passage is
2. Which of the following describes the rhetorical purpose of the first paragraph (lines 1–6)?
3. The sequence of detailed images in lines 9–10 are meant to illustrate all of the following EXCEPT
4. Which of the following best describes the primary rhetorical purpose of the sentence, "The scattered . . .to gamble" (lines 13–15)?
5. Taken as a whole, the footnotes show that
6. Which of the following is a proper interpretation of footnote 7 (line 32)?
7. The development of the passage can best be described as
8. Which of the following sources cited by footnotes 6–8 express a favorable view of the housing being planned for "a modern Little Italy" (lines 29–30)?
I. The source cited in footnote 6
II. The source cited in footnote 7
III. The source cited in footnote 8
9. Lines 35–38 contain which of the following?
10. The tone of the passage is best described as