AP English Language and Composition Practice Test 38

Questions 1-14 refer to the following information.

The passage below is an excerpt from a book written during the 20th century.

In Massillon, Brown's rules had served as a sort of social welfare, teaching high-school
boys to develop self-control and discipline. In Cleveland, his dress codes, his curfews, and
his strict study regimen with playbooks, constant lectures, and testing, served a different
postwar ethic: it enhanced an image, the image of a well-run organization.
5His model turned out to be less a throwback to wartime army discipline than a look forward
to a new style of corporate control.
"We want you to reflect a special image in pro football," Brown told his players in a
speech at the opening of each season.1 They were not to smoke or drink in public; they were
to wear jackets and ties, slacks and polished shoes in public; they were to display
10a proper "decorum" and not curse in public; if they so much as lounged on the ground
during a game, they were fined; above all, they were never to behave in a manner that
would make the team look "low class"-in other words, that would remind anybody of the
league's origins in the mills and mines.
Brown demonstrated the seriousness of all this at the first opportunity: two days
15before the new league's first title game, he fired the team's captain, Jim Daniell, after
the tackle had a few drinks and got into a minor spat with some local policemen. "I'll
take my players high class, cold, deadly," Brown repeated in his seasonal speech. "We don't
want any butchers on this team. No T-shirts in the dining hall. Don't eat with your elbows
on the table and eat quietly." He told Time magazine in
201947, "There's no place on my team for Big Butch who talks hard and drinks hard. I like
a lean and hungry look." When a young college lineman whom Brown was planning to
recruit arrived at the team's training camp unshaven and "dressed like a laborer,"
Brown took one look, told him that he had been summoned mistakenly, and dismissed
him at once.2
25"Class always shows," Brown maintained, and what he wanted his men to show was the face
of the new, white-collar bourgeoisie. "I didn't want them to look like the stereotype of
the old-time pros," Brown said. "College players had a good reputation, but the public
perception of the professional football player back then was of a big, dumb guy with
a potbelly and a cheap cigar. That kind of person disgusted me,
30and I never wanted anyone associating our players with that image."3 What Brown
wanted was a managerial look: polished and uniform, college-educated but not effetely so,
aspiring but conformist. What he wanted was a team represented by organization men. It was
the sort of look he himself exemplified. With his contained demeanor, trim frame,
and bland corporate suits, he looked like the archetypal suburban
35husband about to board the commuter train to his desk job in the city. While Brown
was insistent on his men flying first class and staying in fine hotels, it turned out
this was not so much for their sakes as for the public profile of the team. He was intent
on turning pro football into a sort of respectable middle class occupation that fit with
the new white-collar bureaucracies and the rising corporate management
40ethic of postwar America.

1 Brown, PB, p. 148.

2 Ibid., pp.16, 148; Clary, Cleveland Browns, p. 18; "Football: Brown Ohio," Newsweek, Dec. 30, 1946, p. 66; Byrne, et al., The Cleveland Browns, p. 17; Maule, "A Man for This Season," p. 32; "Praying Professionals," Time, Oct. 27, 1947, pp. 55–56.

3 Clary, The Gamesmakers, p. 32; Clary, Cleveland Browns, p. 19; Brown, PB, p. 15.

1. Which of the following best states the subject of this passage?

2. Which of the following rhetorical strategies does the author use in paragraph 1 of the passage?

I. parallel syntax

II. repetition of sentence structure

III. antithesis

3. Which of the following best describes the rhetorical function of the second sentence (lines 2–5) of the passage?

4. Which of the following phrases does the author use to reiterate the notion of a "different postwar ethic" (line 4)?

5. In lines 8–10 of the passage, the author uses repetition in order to emphasize Brown's concern about

6. In line 12, "low class" implies all of the following EXCEPT

7. Footnote 2 (line 24) gives readers all of the following information EXCEPT

8. In context, the expression "a lean and hungry look" (line 21) is best interpreted as having which of the following meanings?

9. The author's observation that Brown wanted his players to show "the face of the new, white-collar bourgeoisie" (line 26) is best described as an example of

10. Which of the following is being referred to by the abstract term "bourgeoisie" (line 26)?

11. Which of the following pieces of information can be inferred from footnote 3?

12. The sentence structure and diction of lines 30–35 ("What Brown wanted . . . in the city") suggest that the author views herself primarily as

13. Taken all together, the footnotes suggest that

14. The development of the last paragraph (lines 25–40) can best be described as