AP English Literature and Composition Practice Test 15

Questions 1-11 refer to the following information.

Dover Beach

The sea is calm tonight,
The tide is full, the moon lies fair
Upon the straits;β€”on the French coast the light
Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand,
05Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay.
Come to the window, sweet is the night-air!
Only, from the long line of spray
Where the sea meets the moon-blanched land,
Listen! you hear the grating roar
10Of pebbles which the waves draw back, and fling,
At their return, up the high strand,
Begin, and cease, and then again begin,
With tremulous cadence slow, and bring
The eternal note of sadness in.

15Sophocles long ago
Heard it on the Aegean, and it brought
Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow
Of human misery;1 we
Find also in the sound a thought,
20Hearing it by this distant northern sea.

The Sea of Faith
Was once, too, at the full, and round earth's shore
Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furled.
But now I only hear
25Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar,
Retreating, to the breath
Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear
And naked shingles of the world.

Ah, love, let us be true
30To one another! for the world, which seems
To lie before us like a land of dreams,
So various, so beautiful, so new,
Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light,
Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain;
35And we are here as on a darkling2 plain
Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight,
Where ignorant armies clash by night.

β€” Matthew Arnold, c. 1850

1 An allusion to Sophocles' Antigone
2 dark, deeply shadowed

1. The poem's mood can best be described as

2. In lines 1–14, all of the following stylistic techniques contribute to the poet's depiction of the sea EXCEPT

3. In the poem, the sea is depicted primarily through its

4. The allusion to Sophocles (lines 15–20) serves

I. to universalize the speaker's experience

II. to indicate the timelessness of human suffering

III. to compare the ancient world with contemporary England

5. In the third stanza, the speaker's analogy compares

6. In line 22, "at the full" is best interpreted as

7. Between lines 28 and 29, there is a shift from

8. The phrase "land of dreams" (line 31) serves primarily to support the notion that

9. What is the subject of the verb "Hath" (line 33)?

10. The poem can best be described as

11. The primary theme of the poem is derived chiefly from