AP English Literature and Composition Practice Test 16

Questions 1-15 refer to the following information.

Animals talk to each other, of course. There
can be no question about that; but I suppose
there are very few people who can understand
them. I never knew but one man who could. I
05knew he could, however, because he told me
so himself. He was a middle-aged, simple-
hearted miner who had lived in a lonely corner
of California, among the woods and mountains,
a good many years, and had studied the
10ways of his only neighbors, the beasts and the
birds, until he believed he could accurately
translate any remark which they made. This
was Jim Baker. According to Jim Baker, some
animals have only a limited education, and
15use only very simple words, and scarcely ever
a comparison or a flowery figure; whereas, certain
other animals have a large vocabulary, a
fine command of language and a ready and
fluent delivery; consequently these latter talk
20a great deal; they like it; they are conscious
of their talent, and they enjoy "showing off."
Baker said, that after long and careful observation,
he had come to the conclusion that the
bluejays were the best talkers he had found
25among the birds and beasts. Said he:
"There's more?to?a bluejay than any other
creature. He has got more moods, and more
different kinds of feelings than other creatures;
and, mind you, whatever a bluejay feels, he
30can put into language. And no mere commonplace
language, either, but rattling, out-and-
out book-talk—and bristling with metaphor,
too—just bristling! And as for command of language—
why?you?never see a bluejay get stuck
35for a word. No man ever did. They just boil out
of him! And another thing: I've noticed a good
deal, and there's no bird, or cow, or anything
that uses as good grammar as a blue-jay. You
may say a cat uses good grammar. Well, a cat
40does—but you let a cat get excited once; you
let a cat get to pulling fur with another cat on a
shed, nights, and you'll hear grammar that will
give you lockjaw. Ignorant people think it's the
noise?which fighting cats make that is so aggravating,
45but it ain't so; it's the sickening grammar
they use. Now I've never heard a jay use
bad grammar but very seldom; and when they
do, they are as ashamed as a human; they shut
right down and leave.
50"You may call a jay a bird. Well, so he is, in
a measure—because he's got feathers on him,
and don't belong to no church, perhaps; but
otherwise he is just as much a human as you
be. And I'll tell you for why. A jay's gifts, and
55instincts, and feelings, and interests, cover the
whole ground. A jay hasn't got any more principle
than a Congressman. A jay will lie, a jay
will steal, a jay will deceive, a jay will betray; and
four times out of five, a jay will go back on his
60solemnest promise. The sacredness of an obligation
is a thing which you can't cram into no
bluejay's head. Now, on top of all this, there's
another thing a jay can outswear any gentleman
in the mines. You think a cat can swear.
65Well, a cat can; but you give a bluejay a subject
that calls for his reserve-powers, and where is
your cat? Don't talk to?me—I know too much
about this thing. And there's yet another thing;
in the one little particular of scolding—just
70good, clean, out-and-out scolding—a bluejay
can lay over anything, human or divine. Yes, sir,
a jay is everything a man is. A jay can cry, a jay
can laugh, a jay can feel shame, a jay can reason
and plan and discuss, a jay likes gossip and
75scandal, a jay has got a sense of humor, a jay
knows when he is an ass just as well as you do—
maybe better. If a jay ain't human, he better take
in his sign, that's all. Now I'm going to tell you a
perfectly true fact about some bluejays.
80"When I first begun to understand jay language
correctly, there was a little incident happened
here. Seven years ago, the last man in
this region but me moved away. There stands
his house—been empty ever since; a log house,
85with a plank roof—just one big room, and no
more; no ceiling—nothing between the rafters
and the floor. Well, one Sunday morning I was
sitting out here in front of my cabin, with my
cat, taking the sun, and looking at the blue hills,
90and listening to the leaves rustling so lonely in
the trees, and thinking of the home away yonder
in the states, that I hadn't heard from in thirteen
years, when a bluejay lit on that house,
with an acorn in his mouth, and says, 'Hello, I
95reckon I've struck something.' When he spoke,
the acorn dropped out of his mouth and rolled
down the roof, of course, but he didn't care; his
mind was all on the thing he struck. It was a
knot-hole in the roof. He cocked his head to
100one side, shut one eye and put the other one
to the hole, like a possum looking down a jug;
then he glanced up with his bright eyes, gave
a wink or two with his wings—which signifies
gratification, you understand—and says,
105'It looks like a hole, it's located like a hole—
blamed if I don't believe it is a hole!'"

1. In the first paragraph, the author establishes the predominant tone for the rest of the passage primarily by

2. The structure of the sentence beginning in line 6 ("He was . . .") does which of the following?

I. It calls into question the straightforward assertions made in line 1.

II. It implies the gullibility of the speaker.

III. It raises doubts about the soundness of the speaker's judgment.

3. The allusion to "certain other animals" (lines 16–17) is an indirect reference to

4. Jim Baker's attitude toward cats (lines 38–48) might best be described as

5. The second, third, and fourth paragraphs of the passage differ stylistically from the first paragraph in all of the following ways EXCEPT

6. The discussion of poor grammar (lines 38–49) includes which of the following grammatical mistakes?

7. In the context of the passage, the phrase "cover the whole ground" (lines 55–56) is used as a metaphor for

8. Jim Baker's allusion to "a Congressman" (line 57) is meant primarily to

9. In context, "and where is your cat?" (lines 66–67) can best be paraphrased to read

10. The use of the phrase "maybe better" (line 77) indicates that Jim Baker

11. The reader can infer that the "perfectly true fact" (line 79) that follows will most likely be about

12. The sentence that begins in line 80 signals a change in Jim Baker's

13. Jim Baker relates the anecdote in lines 80–106 in order to

14. Jim Baker's description of his life (lines 82–93) has the primary effect of

15. Jim Baker's overall tone in the passage can best be described as