AP English Literature and Composition Practice Test 25

Questions 1-15 refer to the following information.

Gascoigne's Goodnight

When thou has spent the lingering day in pleasure and delight,
Or after toil and weary way, dost seek to rest at night,
Unto thy pains or pleasures past, add this one labor yet:
Ere sleep close up thine eye too fast, do not thy God forget,
05But search within thy secret thoughts, what deeds did thee befall;
And if thou find amiss in aught,1 to God for mercy call.
Yea, though thou find nothing amiss which thou canst call to mind,
Yet evermore remember this: there is the more behind;
And think how well so ever it be that thou hast spent the day,
10It came of God, and not of thee, so to direct thy way.
Thus, if thou try thy daily deeds and pleasure in this pain,
Thy life shall cleanse thy corn from weeds, and thine shall be the gain;
But if thy sinful, sluggish eye will venture for to wink,
Before thy wading will may try how far thy soul may sink,
15Beware and wake; for else, thy bed, which soft and smooth is made,
May heap more harm upon thy head than blows of en'my's blade.
Thus if this pain procure thine ease, in bed as thou dost lie,
Perhaps it shall not God displease to sing thus, soberly:
"I see that sleep is lent me here to ease my weary bones,
20As death at last shall eke2 appear, to ease my grievous groans.
My daily sports, my paunch full fed, have caused my drowsy eye,
As careless life, in quiet led, might cause my soul to die.
The stretching arms, the yawning breath, which I to bedward use,
Are patterns of the pangs of death, when life will me refuse.
25And of my bed each sundry part in shadows doth resemble
The sundry shapes of death, whose dart shall make my flesh to tremble.
My bed itself is like the grave, my sheets the winding sheet,
My clothes the mold which I must have to cover me most meet;3
The hungry fleas, which frisk so fresh, to worms I can compare,
30Which greedily shall gnaw my flesh and leave the bones full bare.
The waking cock, that early crows to wear the night away
Puts in my mind the trump that blows before the Latter Day.
And as I rise up lustily when sluggish sleep is past,
So hope I to rise joyfully to Judgment at the last.
35Thus will I wake, thus will I sleep, thus will I hope to rise,
Thus will I neither wail nor weep, but sing in godly wise;
My bones shall in this bed remain, my soul in God shall trust,
By whom I hope to rise again from death and earthly dust."

—George Gascoigne (1539–1578)

1 anything, to any degree
2 also
3 properly, exactly

1. In context, "there is the more behind" (line 8) is best interpreted to mean

2. The mood of the poem can best be described as

3. In the metaphor in line 12, "weeds" is used to stand for

4. Which of the following stylistic devices is most evident in lines 1–19?

5. The pronoun "it" in line 18 refers to

6. Lines 19–24 contain all of the following poetic devices EXCEPT

7. The main purpose of the comment "My daily sports, my paunch full fed, have caused my drowsy eye,/As careless life, in quiet led, might cause my soul to die" (lines 21–22) is to

8. Which of the following best characterizes the poem's language?

9. Lines 23–29 most resemble which of the following rhetorical devices?

10. Which of the following is a major concern of the speaker in the poem?

11. In line 33, "lustily" is best interpreted to mean

12. The poem is best described as a

13. Based on the content of the poem, which of the following statements most accurately represents the opinion of the speaker?

14. The "sundry shapes of death" (line 26) include all of the following EXCEPT

15. Throughout the poem, the speaker's attitude toward death is best characterized as