AP European History Practice Question 1
Source: Clergy torturing a layman
The illustration above illustrates the draconian tactics at times used during which of the following state actions used to control religion and morality?
Correct Answer: C
(A) is wrong because, despite roughshod treatment of non-conformists to Nikon's church by reformed church officials, most violence on Old Believers was self-inflicted.
(B) is wrong because in France the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes mostly dealt with deportations, forced baptisms and destruction of Huguenot churches.
(C) is CORRECT because, even though the amount of torture was less than originally thought, it was a common practice to force confessions from recent converts.
(D) is wrong because, although there were trials of non-conforming religious figures by Catholics and Protestants in England at this time, torture was mostly reserved for those accused of treason and other crimes.