AP European History Practice Test 10

Test Information

Question 12 questions

Time 12 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

Read the following excerpt.

The revolutionary seed had penetrated into every country and spread more or less. It was greatly developed under the régime of the military despotism of Bonaparte. His conquests displaced a number of laws, institutions, and customs; broke through bonds sacred among all nations, strong enough to resist time itself; which is more than can be said of certain benefits conferred by these innovators.

The monarchs will fulfil the duties imposed upon them by Him who, by entrusting them with power, has charged them to watch over the maintenance of justice, and the rights of all, to avoid the paths of error, and tread firmly in the way of truth. Placed beyond the passions which agitate society, it is in days of trial chiefly that they are called upon to despoil realities of their false appearances, and to show themselves as they are, fathers invested with the authority belonging by right to the heads of families, to prove that, in days of mourning, they know how to be just, wise, and therefore strong, and that they will not abandon the people whom they ought to govern to be the sport of factions, to error and its consequences, which must involve the loss of society.

Union between the monarchs is the basis of the policy which must now be followed to save society from total ruin. . . .

Let them not confound concessions made to parties with the good they ought to do for their people, in modifying, according to their recognized needs, such branches of the administration as require it.

Let them be just, but strong; beneficent, but strict.

Let them maintain religious principles in all their purity, and not allow the faith to be attacked and morality interpreted according to the social contract or the visions of foolish sectarians.

Let them suppress Secret Societies; that gangrene of society.

—Klemens von Metternich, Political Confession of Faith, 1820

1. Which of the following was the greatest cause of the fears expressed by Metternich in the document above?

2. The final result of the negotiations led by Metternich during the Congress of Vienna is being referenced in the document above in which of the following ways?

3. Which of the following is the best description of the goals of the new ideology of conservatism as it was explained by Metternich?

Questions 4-6 refer to the following information.

Read the following excerpt.

If civilized education developed in every child its natural inclinations, we should see nearly all rich children enamored of various very plebeian occupations, such as that of the mason, the carpenter, the smith, the saddler. I have instanced Louis the XVI, who loved the trade of locksmith; an Infanta of Spain preferred that of shoemaker; a certain king of Denmark gratified himself by manufacturing syringes; the former king of Naples loved to sell the fish he had caught in the market-place himself; the prince of Parma, whom Condillac had trained in metaphysical subtitles, in the understanding of intuition, of cognition, had no taste but for the occupation of church-warden and lay-brother.

The great majority of wealthy children would follow these plebeian tastes, if civilized education did not oppose the development of them; and if the filthiness of the workshops and the coarseness of the workmen did not arouse a repugnance stronger than the attraction. What child of a prince is there who has no taste for one of the four occupations I have just mentioned, that of mason, carpenter, smith, saddler, and who would not advance in them if he beheld from an early age the work carried on in blight workshops, by refined people, who would always arrange a miniature workshop for children, with little implements and light labor?

—Charles Fourier, On Education, 1838

4. Which of the following groups of intellectuals would Fourier belong to, according to the document above?

5. What nation experimented with utilizing the ideas of Fourier and others like him to create national workshops in 1848?

6. Many in Fourier's circles advocated for universal male suffrage, which was propagated most by which of the following groups?

Questions 7-9 refer to the following information.

Image 1

Dance Song, portrait of a family at home in Germany, by Hugo Bürkner, 1854

Image 2

—"Some foolish people imagine our ladies will neglect their family duties. Quite a mistake." Cartoon from Punch Magazine, 1887

7. To which of the following is the material prosperity evident in Image 1 partially attributable?

8. A historian of nineteenth-century European society is most likely to use Image 2 as evidence that

9. Which of the following transformations in the ideals of family life and gender roles during the late 19th century is expressed in the images above?

Questions 10-12 refer to the following information.

The text below is the government proclamation.

On the basis of the above-mentioned new arrangements, the serfs will receive in time the full rights of free rural inhabitants.

The nobles, while retaining their property rights to all the lands belonging to them, grant the peasants perpetual use of their household plots in return for a specified obligation[; . . . the nobles] grant them a portion of arable land fixed by the said arrangements as well as other property. . . . While enjoying these land allotments, the peasants are obliged, in return, to fulfill obligations to the noblemen fixed by the same arrangements. In this status, which is temporary, the peasants are temporarily bound. . . .

[T]hey are granted the right to purchase their household plots, and, with the consent of the nobles, they may acquire in full ownership the arable lands and other properties which are allotted them for permanent use. Following such acquisition of full ownership of land, the peasants will be freed from their obligations to the nobles for the land thus purchased and will become free peasant landowners.

WE have deemed it advisable:

3. To organize Peace Offices on the estates of the nobles, leaving the village communes as they are, and to open cantonal offices in the large villages and unite small village communes.

4. To formulate, verify, and confirm in each village commune or estate a charter which will specify, on the basis of local conditions, the amount of land allotted to the peasants for permanent use, and the scope of their obligations to the nobleman for the land.

6. Until that time, peasants and household serfs must be obedient towards their nobles, and scrupulously fulfill their former obligations.

7. The nobles will continue to keep order on their estates, with the right of jurisdiction and of police, until the organization of cantons and of cantonal courts.

—Alexander II, "The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia," Manifesto of February 19, 1861

10. Which of the following best articulates the new conditions for the recently emancipated serfs of Russia as stated in the above passage?

11. Which of the following was a major impetus in convincing Tsar Alexander II of the necessity of freeing the serfs?

12. Which of the following best describes the long-term effects of Tsar Alexander II's emancipation?