AP European History Practice Test 11

Test Information

Question 11 questions

Time 11 minutes

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Questions 1-2 refer to the following information.

Read the treaty below.

The leaders of Europe, deeply sensible of their solemn duty to promote the welfare of mankind;

Persuaded that the time has come when a frank renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy should be made to the end that the peaceful and friendly relations now existing between their peoples may be perpetuated;

ARTICLE I

The High Contracting Parties solemnly declare in the names of their respective peoples that they condemn recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, and renounce it, as an instrument of national policy in their relations with one another.

ARTICLE II

The High Contracting Parties agree that the settlement or solution of all disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them, shall never be sought except by pacific means.

—Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928

1. Which of the following factors LEAST influenced the signatory nations to agree to this treaty?

2. Which of the following is the best characterization of the international movement to prevent war from 1928 through the modern era?

Questions 3-4 refer to the following information.

Source 1

The Movement toward European Union: The table below lists the years that each nation joined together with the first three forming a customs union in 1944 to be replaced by the European Economic Community (EEC) or Common Market then, finally, the European Union (EU).

Nation    Year Joined    Organization
Belgium    1944    BENELUX
Netherlands    1944    BENELUX
Luxembourg    1944    BENELUX
France    1951    EEC
West Germany    1951    EEC
Italy    1951    EEC
Denmark    1973    EU
Ireland    1973    EU
United Kingdom    1973    EU
Greece    1981    EU
Spain    1986    EU
Portugal    1986    EU
Sweden    1995    EU
Finland    1995    EU
Austria    1995    EU
Czech Republic    2004    EU
Estonia    2004    EU
Latvia    2004    EU
Lithuania    2004    EU
Cyprus    2004    EU
Hungary    2004    EU
Poland    2004    EU
Slovakia    2004    EU
Slovenia    2004    EU
Malta    2004    EU
Romania    2007    EU
Bulgaria    2007    EU
Croatia    2013    EU

Source 2

Historic real GDP measured in $billions (dollar value for base year 2010)

—All data from World Bank

3. Using the information in both sources, which of the following best characterizes the economic achievement of the nations listed in Source 2?

4. Which of the following has been the greatest effect of the overall economic growth that Europe has experienced over the past half century?

Questions 5-8 refer to the following information.

Read the document below.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society. . . .

Article 1

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Article 3

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 6

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 18

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 26

Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

5. Which of the following is the best characterization of how the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was used by the different factions during the Cold War?

6. Which of the following trends in late twentieth-century Europe was affected most by the declaration's references to minorities and multicultural acceptance?

7. Which of the following is the best description of how education and public services described as a right in the Declaration are treated politically in Europe at the start of the twenty-first century?

8. Based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations likely supports which of the following?

Questions 9-11 refer to the following information.

At last it seems to me that I have come to understand why man is the most fortunate of all creatures and consequently worthy of all admiration. … The nature of all other beings is limited. … Imagine! The great generosity of God! The happiness of man! To man it is allowed to be whatever he chooses to be!

Pico della Mirandola, Oration on the Dignity of Man, 1486

9. From the passage, one may infer that Pico was participating in which cultural movement?

10. From the passage, one may infer that Pico believed that humankind was unique because

11. From the passage, one may infer that Pico rejected the notion