AP European History Practice Test 12

Test Information

Question 11 questions

Time 11 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

Read the the following petition to answer questions.

The Scribbling-Machines have thrown thousands of your petitioners out of employ, whereby they are brought into great distress, and are not able to procure a maintenance for their families, and deprived them of the opportunity of bringing up their children to labour. … The number of Scribbling-Machines extending about seventeen miles south-west of Leeds exceed all belief, being no less than one hundred and seventy! And as each machine will do as much work in twelve hours, as ten men can in that time do by hand, … [And, as the machines do] as much work in one day as would otherwise employ twenty men, … [a] full four thousand men are left to shift for a living how they can, and must of course fall to the Parish, if not timely relieved. … How are those men, thus thrown out of employ to provide for their families; and what are they to put their children apprentice to, that the rising generation may have something to keep them at work, in order that they may not be like vagabonds strolling about in idleness? … Many more evils we could enumerate, but we would hope, that the sensible part of mankind, who are not biased by interest, must see the dreadful tendency of their continuance; a depopulation must be the consequence; trade being then lost, the landed interest will have no other satisfaction but that of being last devoured.

Leeds Woolen Workers Petition, 1786

1. This document can be used as evidence for

2. The sentiments expressed by the Leeds woolen workers illustrate which of the following historical trends?

3. The authors of this document made which of the following assumptions?

Questions 4-6 refer to the following information.

Read the the following poem to answer questions.

Take up the White Man's burden—
Send forth the best ye breed—
Go bind your sons to exile
To serve your captives' need;
To wait in heavy harness,
On fluttered folk and wild—
Your new-caught, sullen peoples,
Half-devil and half-child.

Take up the White Man's burden—
The savage wars of peace—
Fill full the mouth of Famine
And bid the sickness cease;
And when your goal is nearest
The end for others sought…
Watch sloth and heathen Folly
Bring all your hopes to naught.

Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden, 1899

4. Based on this poem, Kipling's conception of the British imperial mission could best be summed up as

5. The poem describes which kind of attitude toward the native peoples who were under the rule or influence of the British Empire?

6. It is generally acknowledged that Kipling fashioned White Man's Burden to address the subject of the American colonization of the Philippines, which the United States had recently won from Spain in the Spanish-American War. With that information in mind, what message can Kipling be said to be offering the Americans in this excerpt?

Questions 7-9 refer to the following information.

The following picture is a engraving.

William Hogarth, Marriage à la Mode (The Marriage Contract), Plate 1, 1745

7. The scene depicted in the engraving refers to which manifestation of social change in the eighteenth century?

8. The engraving is an example of which of the following developments in eighteenth-century art?

9. Which of the following is an accurate summation of the kind of commentary Hogarth was attempting?

Questions 10-11 refer to the following information.

Read the the following quotation to answer questions.

The various modes of worship which prevailed in the Roman world were all considered by the people as equally true; by the philosopher as equally false; and by the magistrate as equally useful.

Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1776–1788

10. The interpretation of the state of religious belief in ancient Rome by the eighteenth-century English historian Edward Gibbon might be offered as evidence for

11. Gibbon's interpretation of the state of religious worship in ancient Rome could be summarized as