AP European History Practice Test 13

Test Information

Question 12 questions

Time 12 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

1. The map above was constructed by drawing a thin line for each voyage recorded in British trade ship logs between 1750 and 1800. As a result, the darker shaded areas record the most heavily travelled routes. Which of the following conclusions could be drawn from the evidence provided by this map?

2. The information provided by the map could be used as evidence to support which of the following assertions?

3. The information provided by the map could be used as evidence to support which of the following assertions?

Questions 4-6 refer to the following information.

The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles. … The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones. Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however, this distinctive feature: it has simplified the class antagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes, directly facing each other: Bourgeoisie and Proletariat.

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto, 1848

4. Marx and Engels would be most inclined to view which of the following developments as a significant event in European history?

5. The Communist Manifesto can be understood as an example of the influence of which mode of modern European thinking?

6. A follower of Marx and Engels's view of history would argue that an all-out war between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat classes was

Questions 7-9 refer to the following information.

Read the the following quotation to answer questions.

1848 was the decisive year of German, and so of European, history: it recapitulated Germany's past and inspired Germany's future. … Never has there been a revolution so inspired by a limitless faith in the power of ideas; never has a revolution so discredited the power of ideas in its result. The success of the revolution discredited conservative ideas; the failure of the revolution discredited liberal ideas. After it, nothing remained but the idea of Force, and this idea stood at the helm of German history from then on. For the first time since 1521, the German people stepped on to the centre of the German stage only to miss their cue once more. German history reached its turning-point and failed to turn. This was the fateful essence of 1848.

A. J. P. Taylor, The Course of German History, 1945

7. The subject of Taylor's analysis in this quotation is

8. From the quotation, one may infer that Taylor argues that the most important effect of the political revolutions of 1848 was

9. Why might it be important to note that Taylor was writing his analysis in 1945?

Questions 10-12 refer to the following information.

Perestroika [Restructuring] is an urgent necessity arising from the profound processes of development in our socialist society. This society is ripe for change. It has long been yearning for it. Any delay in beginning perestroika could have led to an exacerbated internal situation in the near future, which, to put it bluntly, would have been fraught with serious social, economic, and political crises.

Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World, 1987

10. From the passage, one may infer that Gorbachev argued that

11. From the passage, one may infer that Gorbachev believed that

12. From the passage, one may infer that Gorbachev argued that