AP European History Practice Test 18

Test Information

Question 10 questions

Time 10 minutes

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Questions 1-2 refer to the following information.

"England is not a free people, till the poor that have no land, have a free allowance to dig and labour the commons …" Gerrard Winstanley, 1649

1. From the illustration, one may infer that Gerrard Winstanley and his Diggers were resisting

2. From the illustration, one may infer that the Parliamentarian regime that was victorious in the English Civil War in 1649

Questions 3-5 refer to the following information.

In a word, whoever will deign to consult common sense upon religious opinions, and will bestow on this inquiry the attention that is commonly given to any objects we presume interesting, will easily perceive that those opinions have no foundation; that Religion is a mere castle in the air. …

Savage and furious nations, perpetually at war, adore, under diverse names, some God, conformable to their ideas. … Madmen everywhere be seen who, after meditating upon their terrible God, imagine that to please him they must do themselves all possible injury. … The gloomy ideas more usefully formed of the Deity, far from consoling them under the evils of life, have everywhere disquieted their minds, and produced follies destructive to their happiness.

How could the human mind make any considerable progress, while tormented with frightful phantoms, and guided by men interested in perpetuating its ignorance and fears? … Occupied solely by his fears, and by unintelligible reveries, he has always been at the mercy of his priests, who have reserved for themselves the right of thinking for him and directing his actions. …

Let men's minds be filled with true ideas; let their reason be cultivated. … To discover the true principles of morality, men have no need of theology, of revelation, or of gods.

Baron d'Holbach, Good Sense, 1772

3. From the passage, one could best characterize d'Holbach's theological stance as

4. The passage may be used as evidence that d'Holbach was participating in

5. The passage can be identified as part of the eighteenth-century cultural movement known as the Enlightenment because

Questions 6-7 refer to the following information.

The National Assembly, after having heard the report of the ecclesiastical committee, has decreed and do decree the following as constitutional articles:

Title I

IV. No church or parish of France nor any French citizen may acknowledge upon any occasion, or upon any pretext whatsoever, the authority of an ordinary bishop or of an archbishop whose see shall be under the supremacy of a foreign power, nor that of his representatives residing in France or elsewhere. …

Title II

I. Beginning with the day of publication of the present decree, there shall be but one mode of choosing bishops and parish priests, namely that of election.

II. All elections shall be by ballot and shall be decided by the absolute majority of the votes.

III. The election of bishops shall take place according to the forms and by the electoral body designated in the decree of December 22, 1789, for the election of members of the departmental assembly.

XXI. Before the ceremony of consecration begins, the bishop elect shall take a solemn oath, in the presence of the municipal officers, of the people, and of the clergy, to guard with care the faithful of his diocese who are confided to him, to be loyal to the nation, the law, and the king, and to support with all his power the constitution decreed by the National Assembly and accepted by the king.

Civil Constitution of the Clergy, July 12, 1790

6. From the passage, one may infer that the authors of the passage intended

7. Which of the following groups in France in 1790 would have been most likely to oppose the proclamations of this document?

Questions 8-10 refer to the following information.

From this moment until that in which the enemy shall have been driven from the soil of the Republic, all Frenchmen are in permanent requisition for the service of the armies. The young men shall go to battle; the married men shall forge arms and transport provisions; the women shall make tents and clothing and shall serve in the hospitals; the children shall turn old linen into lint; the aged shall betake themselves to the public places in order to arouse the courage of the warriors and preach the hatred of kings and the unity of the Republic. …

The Committee of Public Safety is charged to take all necessary measures to set up without delay an extraordinary manufacture of arms of every sort which corresponds with the ardor and energy of the French people. It is, accordingly, authorized to form all the establishments, factories, workshops, and mills which shall be deemed necessary for the carrying on of these works, as well as to put in requisition, within the entire extent of the Republic, the artists and workingmen who can contribute to their success.

The representatives of the people sent out for the execution of the present law shall have the same authority in their respective districts, acting in concert with the Committee of Public Safety; they are invested with the unlimited powers assigned to the representatives of the people to the armies.

The Levée en Masse, August 23, 1793

8. This passage established

9. The passage can be used as one example of the way in which the Committee of Public Safety

10. It could be argued that the passage represents a turning point in the history of warfare in modern European history because