AP European History Practice Test 22

Test Information

Question 11 questions

Time 11 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

"A specter is haunting Europe-the specter of Communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this specter; Pope and Czar, Metternich and Guizot, French radicals and German police spies.

Two things result from this fact.

I. Communism is already acknowledged by all European powers to be in itself a power.

II. It is high time that Communists should openly, in the face of the whole world, publish their views, their aims, their tendencies, and meet this nursery tale of the Specter of Communism with a Manifesto of the party itself."

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto, 1848

1. In this passage, Marx and Engels seem to be chiefly preoccupied with

2. To modern historians, the publication of this pamphlet is remembered for coinciding with which of the following events?

3. By 1917, which idea in this pamphlet had become a reality in Russia?

Questions 4-6 refer to the following information.

The painting below.

4. The clothing and general feeling of the painting reflect the influence of which important Northern European movement?

5. The typical presence of a single person in the Golden Age of Dutch portraiture such as the one above indicates which of the following?

6. The artist's choice of depicting a seamstress at work would seem to suggest what about the values of Dutch society in the nineteenth century?

Questions 7-11 refer to the following information.

The following passage regarding a series of photographs of mentally ill individuals.

"Figures 34 & 23. An exceedingly tragic expression, apparently produced by the powerful contraction of the muscles of the eyebrows, with some elevation of the skin of the forehead & transverse folds. This expression if perfect would produce the so-called 'horse-shoe' on the forehead about which Sir Walter Scott speaks in 'Redgauntlet'. Mrs. Scott Siddons the actress has the power of producing these lines on the forehead with singular precision. She tells me that all her family have been remarkable for this power. The lines referred are if I remember rightly well seen in Sir Joshua Reynolds' portrait of the great Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic Muse. My brother Mr. Balfour Browne informs me that the last descendent of the Griersons of Largg (the Redgauntlets of Sir Walter Scott) prides herself on possessing the family peculiarity, the power of producing in a striking manner, the horse-shoe on the forehead.

Figures 16. 17. 18. The action of the pyramidalis nasi does not convey to my mind any idea of an expressive expression. It suggests rather painful attention. In cases of profound melancholia I have frequently seen it combined in persistent action with the corrugatorses superciliorum, notwithstanding Duchenne's statement that they are antagonistic."

James Crichton-Browne, a British psychiatrist, in a letter to Charles Darwin, 1870

7. Based on the letter, it can be inferred that Crichton-Browne was a supporter of

8. The underlying idea of this letter was most challenging to

9. This passage suggests what about the state of European scientific society by 1870?

10. It can be presumed that one of the changes that prompted Crichton-Browne and Darwin to begin this course of study was

11. The subject matter and tone of this letter directly influenced which subsequent literary movement?