AP European History Practice Test 23

Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

"His Majesty the Emperor of China agrees, that British subjects, with their families and establishments, shall be allowed to reside, for the purposes of carrying on their mercantile pursuits, without molestation or restraint, at the cities and towns of Canton, Amoy, Foochowfoo, Ningpo, and Shanghai; and Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, &c., will appoint Superintendents, or Consular officers, to reside at each of the above-named cities or towns, to be the medium of communication between the Chinese authorities and the said merchants, and to see that the just duties and other dues of the Chinese Government, as hereafter provided for, are duly discharged by Her Britannic Majesty's subjects."

Treaty of Nanjing, 1839

1. This treaty was the conclusion of a series of events that began with

2. The concessions offered in this treaty most directly created British

3. How did the Boxers of the early twentieth century react to the legacy of this treaty?

Questions 4-7 refer to the following information.

"The Italian nation has been at last united in our own days, and we all rejoiced in its union. Yet we may be allowed to doubt whether the union was not a little too speedy and a little too thorough. It is surely carrying unity too far to wipe out all traces of the independent being, for most purposes to wipe out the very name, of such a land as Sicily. It jars on our feelings to find that, while Ireland at least forms part of the royal style of its sovereign, Sicily is no longer even a geographical expression. The island realm of Roger has sunk to be seven provinces of the kingdom on the mainland. And there is another result of Italian unity, a result in which we may rejoice without drawbacks, but which still has somewhat of sadness about it as finally ending that great phase of the history of Europe with which we have throughout been dealing. Never were ties with the past so fully snapped as when the army of Italy entered liberated Rome. Of all novelties in European history the greatest was when Rome became the centre of a dominion with acknowledged metes and bounds, the head in short of a local Italian kingdom. "Rome the capital of Italy" was a formula which might well gladden our hearts; but it was a formula which formally swept away the œcumenical position, the œcumenical traditions, of Rome&….

But the kingdom of Italy is not an appendage to Rome; Rome is the head of the kingdom. The whole is greater than its part; Rome, by her own free will and by the free will of Italy, has become less than Italy. By becoming the willing head of an Italian kingdom she has formally cast aside her Imperial traditions as they were not cast aside when brute force made her the head of a French department."

Edward A. Freeman, British historian and politician, The Chief Periods of European History, 1885

4. The author expresses bittersweet feelings about the results of what major European political movement of the nineteenth century?

5. The author would likely take exception to the methods of which leader during this time period in Italy?

6. According to the author, Italy's connections to its history and traditions were most "fully snapped" when

7. The author laments the loss of which Roman traditions?

Questions 8-11 refer to the following information.

The following political cartoon was created by German cartoonist Ferdinand Schröder in 1849.

8. Which of the following ideologies was NOT a catalyst for the events depicted in this cartoon?

9. The artist conveys that the revolutions of 1848

10. As suggested by the cartoon, why was Russia unique during the revolutions of 1848?

11. The events depicted in this cartoon influenced all of the following events EXCEPT