AP European History Practice Test 24

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Question 9 questions

Time 9 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

"I am in some pain lest this custom [of gambling] should get among the ladies. They are, at present, very deep in cards and dice; and while my lord is gaining abroad, her ladyship has her rout at home. I am inclined to suspect that our women of fashion will, also, learn to divert themselves with this polite practice of laying wagers. A birthday suit, the age of a beauty, who invented a particular fashion, or who were supposed to be together at the last masquerade, would, frequently give occasion for bets. This would, also, afford them a new method for the ready propagation of scandal, as the truth of several stories which are continually flitting about the town, would, naturally, be brought to the same test. Should they proceed further, to stake the lives of their acquaintances against each other, they would, doubtless, bet with the same fearless spirit, as they are known to do at brag; one husband would, perhaps, be pitted against another, or a woman of the town against a maid of honour. In a word, if this once becomes fashionable among the ladies, we shall soon see the time, when an allowance for bet money will be stipulated in the marriage articles.

As the vices and follies of persons of distinction are very apt to spread, I am much afraid lest this branch of gaming should descend to the common people. Indeed, it seems already to have got among them. We have frequent accounts of tradesmen riding, walking, eating and drinking for a wager. The contested election in the City has occasioned several extraordinary bets. I know a butcher in Leadenhall Market, who laid an ox to a shin of beef on the success of Sir John Barnard against the field; and have been told of a publican in Thames Street, who ventured a hogshead of entire beer on the candidate who serves him with beer."

John Ashton, The History of Gambling in England, 1898

1. Through his description of "persons of distinction" and "common people," the author reveals his worldview as essentially

2. The Victorian tone of the passage can be seen most prominently in which of the following characteristics?

3. The author displays an attitude toward gambling that most clearly has its roots in

Questions 4-6 refer to the following information.

Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, 1503

4. At the time of this painting, most Italian artists such as da Vinci earned their living through

5. As with many Renaissance paintings, the defining characteristic in the portrait depicted above is

6. The single-point perspective used in this painting attempts to pay homage to the

Questions 7-9 refer to the following information.

The poem excerpt below.

The sea is calm tonight.

The tide is full, the moon lies fair

Upon the straits; on the French coast the light

Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand,

Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay&…

The Sea of Faith

Was once, too, at the full, and round earth's shore

Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furled.

But now I only hear

Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar,

Retreating, to the breath

Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear

And naked shingles of the world.

Matthew Arnold, English poet and critic, "Dover Beach," 1851

7. The loss that Arnold refers to in the second stanza most likely illustrates which of the following European feelings in the middle of the nineteenth century?

8. Based on the poem, it can be inferred that Matthew Arnold was most influenced by which of the following?

9. By the 1920s, the ideas reflected in the poem had undergone which of the following changes?