AP European History Practice Test 27

Test Information

Question 9 questions

Time 9 minutes

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Questions 1-5 refer to the following information.

"When a stream is brimful, a slight rise suffices to cause an overflow. So was it with the extreme distress of the eighteenth century. A poor man, who finds it difficult to live when bread is cheap, sees death staring him in the face when it is dear&….In 1788, a year of severe drought, the crops had been poor. In addition to this, on the eve of the harvest, a terrible hail-storm burst over the region around Paris, from Normandy to Champagne, devastating sixty leagues of the most fertile territory, and causing damage to the amount of one hundred millions of francs. Winter came on, the severest that had been since 1709&….In Vivarais, and in the Cevennes, whole forests of chestnuts had perished, along with all the grain and grass crops on the uplands.

After the spring of 1789 the famine spread everywhere, and it increased from month to month like a rising flood. In vain did the Government order the farmers, proprietors, and corn-dealers to keep the markets supplied. In vain did it double the bounty on imports, resort to all sorts of expedients, involve itself in debt, and expend over forty millions of francs to furnish France with wheat&….Neither public measures nor private charity could meet the overwhelming need&….In many parishes one-fourth of the population are beggars&….In Lorraine, according to the testimony of all observers, 'the people are half dead with hunger.'

In Paris, the number of paupers has been trebled; there are thirty thousand in Faubourg Saint-Antoine alone. Around Paris there is a short supply of grain, or it is spoilt. Paris thus, in a perfect sense of tranquility, appears like a famished city put on rations at the end of a long siege&…"

Hippolyte A. Taine, French critic and historian, The Origins of Contemporary France, Vol. 2, 1870

1. In the passage, Taine stresses the fact that the roots of the French Revolution were largely agricultural. What evidence would best support this argument?

2. Which of the following is a factor that contributed to France becoming "brimful," according to Taine's terminology?

3. The events referred to in the text led most directly to which other event?

4. Which of the following periods was most similar to the situation described in the passage?

5. It can be inferred from the passage that Taine most strongly felt that

Questions 6-9 refer to the following information.

"The substitution of Plato for the scholastic Aristotle was hastened by contact with Byzantine scholarship. Already at the Council of Ferrera (1438), which nominally reunited the Eastern and Western churches, there was a debate in which the Byzantines maintained the superiority of Plato to Aristotle. Cosimo and Lorenzo de Medici were both addicted to Plato; Cosimo founded and Lorenzo continued the Florentine Academy, which was largely devoted to the study of Plato&…The humanists of the time, however, were too busy acquiring knowledge of antiquity to be able to produce anything of value."

Bertrand Russell, British philosopher, History of Western Philosophy, 1946

6. In what way does this passage best exemplify the view of twentieth-century philosophers and thinkers?

7. According to the information in the text, the schools founded by the Medici family most favored a philosophy known as

8. It can be inferred from the passage that the Council of Ferrera

9. The cultural diffusion described by Bertrand Russell most directly influenced the composition of which text?