AP European History Practice Test 3

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Question 10 questions

Time 10 minutes

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Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

The following quote is from Voltaire in response to the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.

My dear sir, nature is very cruel. One would find it hard to imagine how the laws of movement cause such frightful disasters in the best of possible worlds. A hundred thousand ants, our fellows, crushed all at once in our ant-hill, and half of them perishing, no doubt in unspeakable agony, beneath the wreckage from which they cannot be drawn. Families ruined all over Europe, the fortune of a hundred businessmen, your compatriots, swallowed up in the ruins of Lisbon. What a wretched gamble is the game of human life! What will the preachers say, especially if the palace of the Inquisition is still standing? I flatter myself that at least the reverend father inquisitors have been crushed like others. That ought to teach men not to persecute each other, for while a few holy scoundrels burn a few fanatics, the earth swallows up one and all.

—Voltaire, in a letter, 1755

1. Voltaire is best known for supporting which of the following demands of the Enlightenment philosophes?

2. Voltaire's statement in the last sentence, criticizing persecution, is most likely influenced by which of the following?

3. Which of the following Enlightenment philosophes questioned reliance on reason and began the Romantic Movement for the rationale given?

4. The ideas expressed by Voltaire, above, best illustrate which of the following characteristics of Enlightenment intellectuals?

Questions 5-7 refer to the following information.

The following entries are in the diary of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Paris has a short memory. If I remain longer doing nothing, I am lost. In this great Babylon one reputation quickly succeeds another. After I have been seen three times at the theatre, I shall not be looked at again. I shall therefore not go very frequently. (diary, 1798)

If the press is not bridled, I shall not remain three days in power. (diary, 1799)

The presence of a general is necessary; he is the head, he is the all in all of an army. It was not the Roman army that conquered Gaul, it was Caesar, it was not the Carthaginians that made the armies of the Roman republic tremble at the very gates of Rome, it was Hannibal. (diary, 1801)

My power proceeds from my reputation, and my reputation from the victories I have won. My power would fall if I were not to support it with more glory and more victories. Conquest has made me what I am; only conquest can maintain me. (diary, 1802)

The revolution in France is over and now there is only one party in France and I shall never allow the newspapers to say anything contrary to my interests. They may publish a few little articles with just a bit of poison in them, but one fine day I shall shut their mouths forever. (diary, 1805)

5. Napoleon's entry from 1802 indicates that his conquest of most of Europe was due in part to which of the following?

6. While Napoleon was often praised for implementing his Napoleonic Code and a meritocracy in the army, the domestic issue that he was most often criticized for was which of the following?

7. Napoleon instituted the Continental System to accomplish which of the following?

Questions 8-10 refer to the following information.

Read the following governmental regulation.

Press Law

So long as this decree shall remain in force no publication which appears in the form of daily issues, or as a serial not exceeding twenty sheets of printed matter, shall go to press in any state of the union without the previous knowledge and approval of the state officials. Writings which do not belong to one of the above-mentioned classes shall be treated according to the laws now in force, or which may be enacted, in the individual states of the union. . . . Each state of the union is responsible, not only to the state against which the offense is directly committed, but to the whole Confederation, for every publication appearing under its supervision in which the honor or security of other states is infringed or their constitution or administration attacked. . . .

—Carlsbad Resolutions adopted by the Germanic States, 1819

8. According to the above-mentioned decrees, the German confederated states most feared which of the following?

9. The Carlsbad Resolutions were another of Metternich's schemes, like the Concert of Europe, which aimed to accomplish which of the following?

10. Which of the following nineteenth-century figures would have been the LEAST likely to oppose those liberals described in the above decrees?