AP European History Practice Test 30

Test Information

Question 10 questions

Time 10 minutes

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Questions 1-5 refer to the following information.

In Russia there was nothing going on well, and [Souvarine] was in despair over the news he had received. His old companions were all turning to the politicians; the famous Nihilists who made Europe tremble-sons of village priests, of the lower middle class, of tradesmen-could not rise above the idea of national liberation, and seemed to believe that the world would be delivered-when they had killed their despot&…

"Foolery! They'll never get out of it with their foolery."

Then, lowering his voice still more, in a few bitter words he described his old dream of fraternity. He had renounced his rank and his fortune; he had gone among workmen, only in the hope of seeing at last the foundation of a new society of labour in common. All the sous in his pockets had long gone to the urchins of the settlement; he had been as tender as a brother with the colliers, smiling at their suspicion, winning them over by his quiet workmanlike ways and his dislike of chattering. But decidedly the fusion had not taken place.

His voice changed, his eyes grew bright, he fixed them on étienne, directly addressing him:

"Now, do you understand that? These hatworkers at Marseilles who have won the great lottery prize of a hundred thousand francs have gone off at once and invested it, declaring that they are going to live without doing anything! Yes, that is your idea, all of you French workmen; you want to unearth a treasure in order to devour it alone afterwards in some lazy, selfish corner. You may cry out as much as you like against the rich, you haven't got courage enough to give back to the poor the money that luck brings you. You will never be worthy of happiness as long as you own anything, and your hatred of the bourgeois proceeds solely from an angry desire to be bourgeois yourselves in their place."

émile Zola, French writer, Germinal, 1885

1. The conflict referred to in the final paragraph of the passage was best described in which book?

2. The radical movement known as anarchism, alluded to in the first paragraph, had been related to all of the following EXCEPT

3. The passage displays the direct concern for the welfare of the working classes that was typically a part of which movement?

4. In European industry, the mining industry as discussed in the passage grew in importance following the invention of

5. A nineteenth-century Russian historian evaluating this passage would probably be most interested in

Questions 6-10 refer to the following information.

"In 1500 that work appeared which Erasmus had written after his misfortune at Dover, and had dedicated to Mountjoy, the Adagiorum Collectanea. It was a collection of about eight hundred proverbial sayings drawn from the Latin authors of antiquity and elucidated for the use of those who aspired to write an elegant Latin style. In the dedication Erasmus pointed out the profit an author may derive, both in ornamenting his style and in strengthening his argumentation, from having at his disposal a good supply of sentences hallowed by their antiquity. He proposes to offer such a help to his readers. What he actually gave was much more. He familiarized a much wider circle than the earlier humanists had reached with the spirit of antiquity.

Until this time the humanists had, to some extent, monopolized the treasures of classic culture, in order to parade their knowledge of which the multitude remained destitute, and so to become strange prodigies of learning and elegance. With his irresistible need of teaching and his sincere love for humanity and its general culture, Erasmus introduced the classic spirit, in so far as it could be reflected in the soul of a sixteenth-century Christian, among the people. Not he alone; but none more extensively and more effectively. Not among all the people, it is true, for by writing in Latin he limited his direct influence to the educated classes, which in those days were the upper classes.

Erasmus made current the classic spirit. Humanism ceased to be the exclusive privilege of a few. According to Beatus Rhenanus he had been reproached by some humanists, when about to publish the Adagia, for divulging the mysteries of their craft. But he desired that the book of antiquity should be open to all."

Johan Huizinga, twentieth-century Dutch philosopher, Erasmus and the Age of Reformation, 1924

6. Based on Huizinga's description of Erasmus's career, the contributions of Erasmus are most similar to those of

7. What was the primary impact of "Humanism ceas[ing] to be the exclusive privilege of the few"?

8. Huizinga's apparent support of Erasmus' belief in the "book of antiquity" being "open to all" is most likely a product of

9. The type of humanism attributed to Erasmus in this passage is most similar to what Southern Renaissance movement?

10. According to Huizinga, Erasmus's legacy was more significant than that of earlier humanists because