AP European History Practice Test 5

Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

The following excerpt is from a speech by Vladimir I. Lenin.

The independence of our country cannot be upheld unless we have an adequate industrial basis for defense. And such an industrial basis cannot be created if our industry is not more highly developed technically. That is why a fast rate of development of our industry is necessary and imperative. We cannot go on indefinitely, that is, for too long a period, basing the Soviet regime and socialist construction on two different foundations, the foundation of the most large-scale and united socialist industry and the foundation of the most scattered and backward, small commodity economy of the peasants. We must gradually, but systematically and persistently, place our agriculture on a new technical basis, the basis of large-scale production, and bring it up to the level of socialist industry. Either we accomplish this task—in which case the final victory of socialism in our country will be assured, or we turn away from it and do not accomplish it—in which case a return to capitalism may become inevitable.

—Vladimir I. Lenin Industrialization of the Country and the Right Deviation in the C.P.S.U., November 19,1928

1. Which of the following compromises of his New Economic Policy is Lenin saying needs to be fixed in the speech above?

2. Which of the following policies of Joseph Stalin was NOT used to correct the problem cited by Lenin above?

3. What was the result of Stalin's attempt to fix this problem?

4. Which of the following events was most likely the greatest influence on Lenin in his desire to industrialize his new nation?

Questions 5-6 refer to the following information.

Addison's Act had been conceived in the belief that, unless working-class aspirations were quickly met after the war, Britain might experience a revolution similar to that in Russia. By 1920 that fear was beginning to recede and Addison's policy was being regarded as extravagant. An immediate victim of the new attitude was the Borough's Kingfield Street scheme, provisional plans for which were approved in September 1920. Much to the Council's surprise, the Government's Housing Board deferred the scheme, "having regard to the Council's present commitments and the money available at the present time, and in May 1921 the Government announced a drastic curtailment of the housing programme, cutting the housing target by half.

—Excerpt from a work by English historian Hermione Hobhouse Public Housing in Poplar: The Inter-war Years, 1994

5. Which of the following attitudes prevalent after the First World War is evident in the passage above?

6. Which of the following is the best description of the plans being changed above?

Questions 7-9 refer to the following information.

Table 1: Troops and weapons lost in the Battle of Stalingrad, August 1942 to February 1943

Table 2: Total Casualties from the Second World War in Selected Nations

7. Which of the following was the clearest result of the Battle of Stalingrad according to the data in Table 1 above?

8. Which of the following contributed most to the overall pattern shown in Table 2?

9. The data in both tables indicates which of the following about how total war affected the citizens' loyalty and respect for their nation-states?