AP European History Practice Test 9

Test Information

Question 11 questions

Time 11 minutes

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Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

The following excerpt is from a pamphlet.

You will do me the justice to remember, that I have always strenuously supported the Right of every man to his own opinion, however different that opinion might be to mine. He who denies to another this right, makes a slave of himself to his present opinion, because he precludes himself the right of changing it.

The most formidable weapon against errors of every kind is Reason. I have never used any other, and I trust I never shall.

The circumstance that has now taken place in France of the total abolition of the whole national order of priesthood, and of everything appertaining to compulsive systems of religion, and compulsive articles of faith, has not only precipitated my intention, but rendered a work of this kind exceedingly necessary, lest in the general wreck of superstition, of false systems of government, and false theology, we lose sight of morality, of humanity, and of the theology that is true.

I believe in one God, and no more; and I hope for happiness beyond this life.

I believe in the equality of man; and I believe that religious duties consist in doing justice, loving mercy, and endeavoring to make our fellow-creatures happy.

I do not believe in the creed professed by the Jewish church, by the Roman church, by the Greek church, by the Turkish church, by the Protestant church, nor by any church that I know of. My own mind is my own church.

All national institutions of churches, whether Jewish, Christian or Turkish, appear to me no other than human inventions, set up to terrify and enslave mankind, and monopolize power and profit.

I do not mean by this declaration to condemn those who believe otherwise; they have the same right to their belief as I have to mine.

—Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason, 1794–1795

1. The document above supports which of the following demands of the Enlightenment philosophes?

2. Paine's statement in the last sentence, criticizing persecution, was most likely influenced by which of the following?

3. Which of the following Enlightenment philosophes designed a system of checks and balances for government to avoid abuses of power?

4. The ideas expressed by Paine above best illustrate which of the following characteristics of Enlightenment intellectuals?

Questions 5-8 refer to the following information.

Read the documents below.

Source 1

If then by the Use of Machines, the Manufacture of Cotton, an Article which we import, and are supplied with from other Countries, and which can everywhere be procured on equal Terms, has met with such amazing Success, may not greater Advantages be reasonably expected from cultivating to the utmost the Manufacture of Wool, the Produce of our own Island, an Article in Demand in all Countries, almost the universal Clothing of Mankind?

In the Manufacture of Woollens, the Scribbling Mill, the Spinning Frame, and the Fly Shuttle, have reduced manual Labour nearly One third, and each of them at its-first Introduction carried an Alarm to the Work People, yet each has contributed to advance the Wages and to increase the Trade, so that if an Attempt was now made to deprive us of the Use of them, there is no Doubt, but every Person engaged in the Business, would exert himself to defend them.

—Statement by the Cloth Merchants of Leeds, 1791

Source 2

Come, cropper lads of high renown,
Who love to drink good ale that's brown,
And strike each haughty tyrant down,
With hatchet, pike, and gun!

Oh, the cropper lads for me,
The gallant lads for me,
Who with lusty stroke,
The shear frames broke,
The cropper lads for me!

What though the specials still advance,
And soldiers nightly round us prance;
The cropper lads still lead the dance,
With hatchet, pike, and gun!

Oh, the cropper lads for me,
The gallant lads for me,
Who with lusty stroke
The shear frames broke,
The cropper lads for me!

—Luddite Song, The Cropper's Song, c. 1812

5. Which of the following economic theories is Source 1 above referencing in support of the expansion and use of machines?

6. Source 2 was motivated most by which of the following changes brought on by industrialization?

7. Which of the following best describes the governmental reactions to complaints such as those seen in Source 2 before 1850?

8. Which of the following is NOT a result of the Industrial Revolution according to the documents and your knowledge of European history?

Questions 9-11 refer to the following information.

Read the following excerpt.

Never were talents of the highest genius of the most exalted kind, more profusely bestowed upon a human being. The genius of Napoleon is astounding. All branches of human knowledge seemed alike familiar to his gigantic mind. His conversations at St. Helena, scattered through the numerous and voluminous memorials of those who gleaned them, are replete with intensest interest. During the long agony of his imprisonment and his death, he conversed with perfect freedom upon the events of his marvelous career, and upon all those subjects or morals, politics, and religion, which most deeply concern the welfare of our race. There is no mind which will not be invigorated by familiarity with these profound thoughts, expressed with so much glow of feeling and energy of diction.

John S. C. Abbott, historian, Napoleon at St. Helena, 1855

9. Which of the following features of the French empire under Napoleon does Abbott seem most impressed with?

10. Napoleon helped make the French Revolution an international movement in the areas he conquered

11. Which of the following actions of Napoleon does the author seem to be ignoring the hypocrisy of in his examination of the high mindedness and praiseworthiness of Napoleon?