AP Physics 1 Question 118: Answer and Explanation
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8. The radius of Mars is about half that of Earth; the mass of Mars is about one-tenth that of Earth. Which of the following is closest to the gravitational field at the surface of Mars?
- A. 10 N/kg
- B. 4 N/kg
- C. 2 N/kg
- D. 0.5 N/kg
Correct Answer: B
B-The gravitational field at the surface of a planet is . The numerator for Mars is 1/10 that of Earth, reducing the gravitational field by 1/10. The denominator for Mars is (1/2)2 = 1/4 that of Earth, increasing the gravitational field by a factor of 4 (because a smaller denominator means a bigger fraction). The overall gravitational field is multiplied by 4/10. On Earth, the gravitational field is 10 N/kg, so on Mars, g = 4 N/kg.