AP Physics 1 Question 197: Answer and Explanation
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7. A stone is thrown horizontally with an initial speed of 30 m/s from a bridge. Find the stone's total speed when it enters the water 4 seconds later, assuming that air resistance is negligible.
- A. 30 m/s
- B. 40 m/s
- C. 50 m/s
- D. 60 m/s
Correct Answer: C
After 4 seconds, the stone's vertical speed has changed by Δvy = ayt = (10 m/s2)(4 s) = 40 m/s. Since v0y = 0, the value of vy at t = 4 is 40 m/s. The horizontal speed does not change. Therefore, when the rock hits the water, its velocity has a horizontal component of 30 m/s and a vertical component of 40 m/s.
By the Pythagorean Theorem, the magnitude of the total velocity, v, is 50 m/s.