AP Physics 1 Question 206: Answer and Explanation
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6. Assuming a frictionless, massless pulley, determine the acceleration of the blocks once they are released from rest.
Correct Answer: D
One way to attack this question is to notice that if the two masses happen to be equal, that is, if M = m, then the blocks won't accelerate (because their weights balance). The only expression given that becomes zero when M = m is the one given in (D). Draw a free-body diagram:
Newton's Second Law gives the following two equations:
FT - mg = ma (1)
FT - Mg = M(-a) (2)
Subtracting these equations yields Mg - mg = ma + Ma = (M + m)a, so