AP Statistics Multiple-Choice Practice Questions: Planning and Conducting Experiments 2

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Question 8 questions

Time 18 minutes

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1. Consider the following studies being run by three different nursing home establishments.

I.One nursing home has pets brought in for an hour every day to see if patient morale is improved.

II.One nursing home allows hourly visits every day by kindergarten children to see if patient morale is improved.

III.One nursing home administers antidepressants to all patients to see if patient morale is improved.

Which of the following is true?

2. A consumer product agency tests miles per gallon for a sample of automobiles using each of four different octanes of gasoline. Which of the following is true?

3. Is hot oatmeal with fruit or a Western omelet with home fries a more satisfying breakfast? Fifty volunteers are randomly split into two groups. One group is fed oatmeal with fruit, while the other is fed Western omelets with home fries. Each volunteer then rates his/her breakfast on a one to ten scale for satisfaction. If the Western omelet with home fries receives a substantially higher average score, what is a reasonable conclusion?

4. Which of the following is not true?

5. Which of the following is not important in the design of experiments?

6. Which of the following is a true statement about the design of matched-pair experiments?

7. Do teenagers prefer sports drinks colored blue or green? Two different colorings, which have no effect on taste, are used on the identical drink to result in a blue and a green beverage; volunteer teenagers are randomly assigned to drink one or the other colored beverage; and the volunteers then rate the beverage on a one to ten scale. Because of concern that sports interest may affect the outcome, the volunteers are first blocked by whether or not they play on a high school team. Is blinding possible in this experiment?

8. Some researchers believe that too much iron in the blood can raise the level of cholesterol. The iron level in the blood can be lowered by making periodic blood donations. A study is performed by randomly selecting half of a group of volunteers to give periodic blood donations while the rest do not. Is this an experiment or an observational study?