AP US History Practice Test 1

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Question 11 questions

Time 11 minutes

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Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

"Those whose condition is such that their function is the use of their bodies and nothing better can be expected of them, those, I say, are slaves of nature. It is better for them to be ruled thus."

Juan de Sepulveda, Politics, 1522

"When Latin American nations gained independence in the 19th century, those two strains converged, and merged with an older, more universalist, natural law tradition. The result was a distinctively Latin American form of rights discourse. Paolo Carozza traces the roots of that discourse to a distinctive application, and extension, of Thomistic moral philosophy to the injustices of Spanish conquests in the New World. The key figure in that development seems to have been Bartolomé de Las Casas, a 16th-century Spanish bishop who condemned slavery and championed the cause of Indians on the basis of a natural right to liberty grounded in their membership in a single common humanity. 'All the peoples of the world are humans,' Las Casas wrote, and 'all the races of humankind are one.' According to Brian Tierney, Las Casas and other Spanish Dominican philosophers laid the groundwork for a doctrine of natural rights that was independent of religious revelation 'by drawing on a juridical tradition that derived natural rights and natural law from human rationality and free will, and by appealing to Aristotelian philosophy.'"

Mary Ann Glendon, "The Forgotten Crucible: The Latin American Influence

on the Universal Human Rights Idea," 2003

1. The above excerpts support which one of the following generalizations?

2. Which one of the following statements about the Spanish conquest of the Americas is most accurate?

3. Which of the following presidents was most involved in Latin American politics in the twentieth century?

4. Maize cultivation among the native peoples of Mexico is most analogous to which of the following?

Questions 5-9 refer to the following information.

"I observe the great and wonderful mistake, both our own and our fathers, as to the civil powers of this world, acting in spiritual matters. I have read…the last will and testament of the Lord Jesus over many times, and yet I cannot find by one tittle of that testament that if He had been pleased to have accepted of a temporal crown and government that ever He would have put forth the least finger of temporal or civil power in the matters of His spiritual affairs and Kingdom. Hence must it lamentably be against the testimony of Christ Jesus for the civil state to impose upon the souls of the people a religion, a worship, a ministry, oaths (in religious and civil affairs), tithes, times, days, marryings, and buryings in holy ground…"

Roger Williams, The Hireling Ministry None of Christ's, 1652

5. The Puritans believed that the freedom to practice religion should be extended to

6. Consistent with the excerpt above, Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts Bay in 1636 for advocating

7. The "First Great Awakening" can be seen as a direct response to which of the following?

8. Puritan emigration from England came to a near halt between the years 1649 and 1660 because, during that period,

9. Which of the following documents encouraged church membership in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

Questions 10-11 refer to the following information.

"Permit us, then, earnestly to recommend these articles to the immediate and dispassionate attention of the legislatures of the respective states. Let them be candidly reviewed under a sense of the difficulty of combining in one system the various sentiments and interests of a continent divided into so many sovereign and independent communities, under a conviction of the absolute necessity of uniting all our councils and all our strength, to maintain and defend our common liberties…."

Journals of the Continental Congress, 1777

10. A major weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that they

11. The most notable achievement of the United States under the Articles of Confederation was