AP US History Practice Test 20

Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

"Wherever I go—the street, the shop, the house, or the steamboat—I hear the people talk in such a way as to indicate that they are yet unable to conceive of the Negro as possessing any rights at all. Men who are honorable in their dealings with their white neighbors will cheat a Negro without feeling a single twinge of their honor. To kill a Negro they do not deem murder; to debauch a Negro woman they do not think fornication; to take the property away from a Negro they do not consider robbery. The people boast that when they get freedmen affairs in their own hands, to use their own classic expression, 'the niggers will catch hell.'

"The reason of all this is simple and manifest. The whites esteem the blacks their property by natural right, and however much they may admit that the individual relations of masters and slaves have been destroyed by the war and the President's emancipation proclamation, they still have an ingrained feeling that the blacks at large belong to the whites at large, and whenever opportunity serves they treat the colored people just as their profit, caprice or passion may dictate."

—Congressional testimony of Col. Samuel Thomas, Assistant Commissioner, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865

1. Which of the following factors did Alexander Hamilton believe was a source for the problems in the excerpt from Federalist #15?

2. Which of the following specific developments contributed to the general sentiment expressed in Federalist #15?

3. To address the problems identified in Federalist #15, Hamilton proposed

Questions 4-6 refer to the following information.

"Lincoln was strongly anti-slavery, but he was not an abolitionist or a Radical Republican and never claimed to be one. He made a sharp distinction between his frequently reiterated personal wish that 'all men everywhere could be free' and his official duties as a legislator, congressman, and president in a legal and constitutional system that recognized the South's right to property in slaves. Even after issuing the Emancipation Proclamation he continued to declare his preference for gradual abolition. While his racial views changed during the Civil War, he never became a principled egalitarian in the manner of abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass or Wendell Phillips or Radical Republicans like Charles Sumner."

—Eric Foner, The Fiery Trial, 2010

4. Which of the following statements best describes Eric Foner's argument about President Abraham Lincoln's views on slavery?

5. How did President Lincoln's issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation alter the course of the Civil War?

6. Which of these statements best describes the Emancipation Proclamation?

Questions 7-8 refer to the following information.

"The only force which is strong enough to break down social convention is economic necessity. . . . The economic necessity which has forced women out of the home and into the world of business has completely annihilated the old idea that a woman should eat only in the privacy of her household or in the homes of her friends, has created the absolutely new social phenomenon of women eating in public, unescorted by men, by the tens of thousands, and has given rise to a wholly new phase of the restaurant business."

The New York Times, October 15, 1905

7. Which of the following groups would have most likely supported the scenario described in this passage?

8. The scenario described in the passage above is most directly reflected in the ideas of which of the following?

Questions 9-11 refer to the following information.

"Pull away, pull away my Son. Don't fear. I'll give you all my assistance."

"Oh! I fear it is stronger rooted than I expected but with the assistance of my old friend and a little more brandy I will bring it down."

—"Mad Tom in a Rage," unknown cartoonist, circa 1802

9. The above cartoon illustrates which of the following?

10. The development of political parties led to which of the following amendments to the Constitution of the United States?

11. How does this cartoon demonstrate the political viewpoint of the Federalist Party?