AP US History Practice Test 21

Test Information

Question 11 questions

Time 11 minutes

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Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

"The economic ills we suffer have come upon us over several decades. They will not go away in days, weeks, or months, but they will go away. They will go away because we as Americans have the capacity now, as we've had in the past, to do whatever needs to be done to preserve this last and greatest bastion of freedom. In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem. . . .

"It is my intention to curb the size and influence of the Federal establishment and to demand recognition of the distinction between the powers granted to the Federal Government and those reserved to the States or to the people. All of us need to be reminded that the Federal Government did not create the States; the States created the Federal Government."

—Ronald Reagan, First Inaugural Address, January 21, 1981

1. The conservative political revival that led to President Ronald Reagan's election in 1980 held the view that

2. Which of the following would have most likely agreed with President Reagan's statement that the federal government was created by the states and the federal government's role should be limited?

3. Which of the following ongoing debates in U.S. history is expressed in the quotation?

4. One way in which President Reagan acted on his rhetoric in the passage was to

Questions 5-6 refer to the following information.

"Our energy plan will also include a number of specific goals, to measure our progress toward a stable energy system. These are the goals we set for 1985:

■ Reduce the annual growth rate in our energy demand to less than two percent.
■ Reduce gasoline consumption by ten percent below its current level.
■ Cut in half the portion of U.S. oil which is imported, from a potential level of 16 million barrels to six million barrels a day.
■ Establish a strategic petroleum reserve of one billion barrels, more than six months' supply.
■ Increase our coal production by about two thirds to more than 1 billion tons a year.
■ Insulate 90 percent of American homes and all new buildings.
■ Use solar energy in more than two and one-half million houses."

—President Jimmy Carter, speech on April 18, 1977

5. The passage above reflects which of the following continuities of U.S. history?

6. President Jimmy Carter's speech, excerpted above, was primarily a reaction to which of the following events?

Questions 7-9 refer to the following information.

—William Carson, "A Bigger Job Than He Thought For," Sunday Globe (Utica, NY), 1899

7. The 1899 cartoon shown above makes the point that

8. The cartoon reflects which of the following continuities in U.S. history?

9. The event depicted in the cartoon represents which of the following?

Questions 10-11 refer to the following information.

"I marvel not a little, right worshipful, that since the first discovery of America (which is now full four score and ten years), after so great conquests and plantings of the Spaniards and Portuguese there, that we of England could never have the grace to set fast footing in such fertile and temperate places as are left as yet unpossessed of them. But . . . I conceive great hope that the time approacheth and now is that we of England may share and part stakes [divide the prize] (if we will ourselves) both with the Spaniard and the Portuguese in part of America and other regions as yet undiscovered.

"And surely if there were in us that desire to advance the honor of our country which ought to be in every good man, we would not all this while have [neglected] the possessing of these lands which of equity and right appertain unto us, as by the discourses that follow shall appear most plainly."

—Richard Hakluyt, Divers Voyages Touching the Discovery of America and the Islands Adjacent, 1582

10. The ideas expressed in the passage above most closely reflect the influence of which of the following?

11. By following the ideas of Richard Hakluyt, England was eventually able to