AP US History Practice Test 28

Test Information

Question 12 questions

Time 12 minutes

See All test questions

Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

One of the rights which the freeman has always guarded with most jealous care is that of enjoying the rewards of his own industry. Realizing that the power to tax is the power to destroy and that the power to take a certain amount of property or of income is only another way of saying that for a certain proportion of his time a citizen must work for the government, the authority to impose a tax on the people has been most carefully guarded.… A government which lays taxes on the people not required by urgent necessity and sound public policy is not a protector of liberty, but an instrument of tyranny. It condemns the citizen to tyranny. One of the first signs of the breaking down of free government is a disregard by the taxing power of the right of the people to their own property.… Unless the people can enjoy that reasonable security in the possession of their property, which is guaranteed by the Constitution, against unreasonable taxation, freedom is at an end.… With us economy is imperative. It is a full test of our national character.… It is always the people who toil that pay.

—Calvin Coolidge, "Economy in the Interest of All," June 30, 1924

1. Which of the following political ideas best reflects the perspective of Calvin Coolidge in the passage above?

2. Which of the following presidents would be most likely to share Coolidge's sentiments?

3. The ideas expressed above were influenced by which of the following?

4. In the passage above Coolidge is reacting against which of the following?

Questions 5-8 refer to the following information.

Theodor de Bry, "The Natives of Florida Worship the Column Erected by the Commander on His First Voyage," Grand Voyages, 1591

5. Which of the following most directly reflects the perspective of de Bry in the image above?

6. The image above is an expression of which of the following?

7. The column erected by the commander signified which of the following?

8. European rivalries would lead to the French depicted above being driven from Florida by which of the following?

Questions 9-12 refer to the following information.

Here is the case of a woman employed in the manufacturing department of a Broadway house. It stands for a hundred like her own. She averages three dollars a week. Pay is $1.50 for her room; for breakfast she has a cup of coffee; lunch she cannot afford. One meal a day is her allowance. This woman is young, she is pretty. She has "the world before her." Is it anything less than a miracle if she is guilty of nothing less than the "early and improvident marriage," against which moralists exclaim as one of the prolific causes of the distresses of the poor? Almost any door might seem to offer a welcome escape from such slavery as this. "I feel so much healthier since I got three square meals a day," said a lodger in one of the Girls' Homes. Two young sewing-girls came in seeking domestic service, so that they might get enough to eat. They had been only half-fed for some time, and starvation had driven them to the one door at which the pride of the American-born girl will not permit her to knock, though poverty be the price of her independence.

—Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives, 1890

9. Which of the following would be most likely to support the perspective expressed by Riis in the passage above?

10. The situation faced by the young women in the passage above is most directly comparable to which of the following?

11. Concerns like those expressed by Riis in the passage above led most directly to which of the following?

12. Riis's work as an investigator of the lives of the poor can most directly be associated with which of the following?