AP US History Practice Test 3

Test Information

Question 12 questions

Time 12 minutes

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Questions 1-5 refer to the following information.

"In one view the slaveholders have a decided advantage over all opposition. It is well to notice this advantage—the advantage of complete organization. They are organized; and yet were not at the pains of creating their organizations. The State governments, where the system of slavery exists, are complete slavery organizations. The church organizations in those States are equally at the service of slavery; while the Federal Government, with its army and navy, from the chief magistracy in Washington, to the Supreme Court, and thence to the chief marshalship at New York, is pledged to support, defend, and propagate the crying curse of human bondage. The pen, the purse, and the sword, are united against the simple truth, preached by humble men in obscure places."

Frederick Douglass, 1857

1. In his opinion on the case Dred Scott v. Sandford, Chief Justice Roger Taney upheld the sentiment above by stating that

2. In what way did the actions of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 contradict Douglass's sentiments in the excerpt above?

3. The excerpt from Frederick Douglass is most clearly an example of which of the following developments in the mid-nineteenth century?

4. Which of the following groups would be most likely to support the perspective of Frederick Douglass?

5. Frederick Douglass was most influenced by which of the following social movements?

Questions 6-10 refer to the following information.

"We have witnessed for more than a quarter of a century the struggles of the two great political parties for power and plunder, while grievous wrongs have been inflicted upon the suffering people. We charge that the controlling influences dominating both these parties have permitted the existing dreadful conditions to develop without serious effort to prevent or restrain them. Neither do they now promise us any substantial reform. They have agreed together to ignore, in the coming campaign, every issue but one. They propose to drown the outcries of a plundered people with the uproar of a sham battle over the tariff, so that capitalists, corporations, national banks, rings, trusts, watered stock, the demonetization of silver and the oppressions of the usurers may all be lost sight of. They propose to sacrifice our homes, lives, and children on the altar of mammon; to destroy the multitude in order to secure corruption funds from the millionaires.

"Assembled on the anniversary of the birthday of the nation, and filled with the spirit of the grand general and chief who established our independence, we seek to restore the government of the Republic to the hands of 'the plain people,' with which class it originated. We assert our purposes to be identical with the purposes of the National Constitution; to form a more perfect union and establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity."

Populist Party Platform, 1892

6. The sentiments expressed in the excerpt above about political parties are most similar to those expressed by

7. The "free silver" campaign of 1896 received its greatest popular support from

8. Which one of the following political movements most closely shared many of the goals outlined by the Populist Party?

9. Which of the following is LEAST associated with the Populist movement?

10. Which of the following was most directly a cause of the success of the Populist party?

Questions 11-12 refer to the following information.

"With 78 percent of the Union electorate casting ballots, Lincoln was reelected in an Electoral College landslide, 212 to McClellan's 21. The 55% popular vote for the president was the third largest in the nineteenth century, surpassed only by Jackson's first victory in 1828 and Grant's reelection in 1872. McClellan won only New Jersey, Delaware, and Kentucky. Republicans drew support from native-born farmers, skilled and professional workers, those of New England descent, younger voters, and military personnel. Democrats were strongest in the cities and among Irish- and German-Americans (the most populous immigrant groups). It has been estimated that Lincoln received 78% of the vote of Union soldiers and sailors. The figure was not necessary for his reelection, but was perhaps the margin of victory in a few close states and, more importantly, of great symbolic value. Republicans also gained seats in Congress to retain unassailable control, 149 to 42 in the House and 42 to 10 in the Senate; took back several state legislatures; and lost only the governorship of New Jersey (McClellan's home state)."

Election of 1864, Harpweek.com

11. Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the excerpt above?

12. Which of the following provides the best explanation for why Radical Republicans opposed Lincoln in 1861?