AP US History Practice Test 30

Test Information

Question 12 questions

Time 12 minutes

See All test questions

Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

These were the first emigrants that we had overtaken, although we had found abundant and melancholy traces of their progress throughout the whole course of the journey. Sometimes we passed the grave of one who had sickened and died on the way. The earth was usually torn up and covered thickly with wolf-tracks. Some had escaped this violation. One morning a piece of plank, standing upright on the summit of a grassy hill, attracted our notice, and riding up to it we found the following words very roughly traced upon it, apparently by a red-hot piece of iron:

    MARY ELLIS DIED MAY 7th, 1845

    Aged two months.

Such tokens were of common occurrence, nothing could speak more for the hardihood, or rather infatuation, of the adventurers, or the sufferings that await them upon their journey.… We were late in breaking up our camp on the following morning, and scarcely had we ridden a mile when we saw, far in advance of us, drawn against the horizon, a line of objects stretching at regular intervals along the level edge of the prairie. An intervening swell soon hid them from sight, until, ascending it a quarter of an hour after, we saw close before us the emigrant caravan, with its heavy white wagons creeping on in their slow procession, and a large drove of cattle following behind.… Many were murmuring against the leader they had chosen, and wished to depose him.… The women were divided between regrets for the homes they had left and apprehension of the deserts and savages before them.… As we left the ground, I saw a tall slouching fellow with the nasal accent of "down east," contemplating the contents of his tin cup, which he had just filled with water.

"Look here, you," he said: "it's chock full of animals!"

The cup, as he held it out, exhibited in fact an extraordinary variety and profusion of animal and vegetable life.

—Francis Parkman, The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life, 1849

1. The situation described in the passage above led most directly to which of the following?

2. The actions of the people in the passage above most directly reflect the influence of which of the following political ideals?

3. The experiences of the people encountered by Francis Parkman can be most directly compared to those of which of the following?

4. Which of the following had most directly anticipated and desired the movement described by Parkman?

Questions 5-8 refer to the following information.

Our leaders talk about stopping aggression from the north, but this was a struggle among groups of Vietnamese until we intervened. We seem bent upon saving the Vietnamese from Ho Chi Minh even if we have to kill them and demolish their country to do it. As the native people survey bombed-out villages, women and children burned by napalm, rice crops destroyed and cities overrun with our military personnel, they are doubtless saying secretly of the Vietcong guerillas and of the American forces, "A plague on both your houses." … Stop the bombing, north and south, end search and destroy offensive sweeps, and confine our military action to holding operations on the ground. Bombing the north has failed to halt or seriously check the flow of troops to the south and may, in fact, have prompted a much greater war effort by Hanoi.

—Senator George McGovern, "The Lessons of Vietnam," April 25, 1967

5. Which of the following opinions from the 1960s most directly reflects the perspective of George McGovern's speech?

6. The sentiments expressed in the speech above most directly influenced which of the following?

7. The sentiments expressed in the speech most directly reflect which popular attitude that became widespread in the 1960s?

8. Political discord during the Vietnam War most closely resembled the political dissensions during which of the following?

Questions 9-12 refer to the following information.

On Being Brought from Africa to America

'Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land,
Taught my benighted soul to understand
That there's a God, that there's a Saviour too;
Once I redemption neither sought nor knew.
Some view our sable race with scornful eye,
"Their colour is a diabolic die."
Remember, Christians, Negroes, black as Cain,
May be refin'd, and join th' angelic train.

—Phillis Wheatley, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, 1773

9. The ideas expressed in Phillis Wheatley's poem most directly reveal the influence of which of the following?

10. The sentiments expressed in Wheatley's poem most directly reflect which of the following continuities in U.S. history?

11. The literary success of Phillis Wheatley led most directly to questions about which of the following?

12. The point of Wheatley's poem can best be compared to which of the following?