AP US History Practice Test 31

Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

Wrong as we think slavery is, we can yet afford to leave it alone where it is, because that much is due to the necessity arising from its actual presence in the nation; but can we, while our votes will prevent it, allow it to spread into the National Territories, and to overrun us here in these Free States? If our sense of duty forbids this, then let us stand by our duty, fearlessly and effectively. Let us be diverted by none of those sophistical contrivances wherewith we are so industriously plied and belabored—contrivances such as groping for some middle ground between the right and the wrong, vain as the search for a man who should be neither a living man nor a dead man—such a policy of "don't care" on a question about which all true men do care—such as Union appeals beseeching true Union men to yield to Disunionists, reversing the divine rule, and calling not the sinners, but the righteous to repentance.… Neither let us be slandered from our duty by false accusations against us, nor frightened from it by menaces of destruction to the Government nor of dungeons to ourselves. LET US HAVE FAITH THAT RIGHT MAKES MIGHT, AND IN THAT FAITH, LET US, TO THE END, DARE TO DO OUR DUTY AS WE UNDERSTAND IT.

—Abraham Lincoln, Cooper Union Address, February 27, 1860

1. In his Cooper Union Address, Abraham Lincoln called for which of the following?

2. A member of which of the following political parties would have been most likely to support Lincoln's position?

3. Lincoln and his supporters called for which of the following in 1860?

4. Lincoln's Cooper Union Address can best be compared to

Questions 5-8 refer to the following information.

They ask us how we shall govern these new possessions. I answer: Out of local conditions and the necessities of the case methods of government will grow. If England can govern foreign lands, so can America. If Germany can govern foreign lands, so can America. If they can supervise protectorates, so can America. Why is it more difficult to administer Hawaii than New Mexico or California? Both had a savage and an alien population; both were more remote from the seat of government when they came under our dominion than the Philippines are to-day.

Will you say by your vote that American ability to govern has decayed; that a century's experience in self-rule has failed of a result? Will you affirm by your vote that you are an infidel to American power and practical sense? Or will you say that ours is the blood of government; ours the heart of dominion; ours the brain and genius of administration? Will you remember that we do but what our fathers did—we but pitch the tents of liberty farther westward, farther southward—we only continue the march of the flag?

—Albert Beveridge, "The March of the Flag," Indianapolis, September 16, 1898

5. In "The March of the Flag," Albert Beveridge supported which of the following?

6. Beveridge's speech was a response to which of the following?

7. The theme of Beveridge's speech can most directly be compared to which of the following?

8. The policy advocated by Beveridge foreshadowed which of the following?

Questions 9-12 refer to the following information.

BECAUSE no People can be truly happy, though under the greatest Enjoyment of Civil Liberties, if abridged of the Freedom of their Consciences, as to their Religious Profession and Worship: And Almighty God being the only Lord of Conscience, Father of Lights and Spirits; and the Author as well as Object of all divine Knowledge, Faith and Worship, who only doth enlighten the Minds, and persuade and convince the Understanding of People, I do hereby grant and declare, That no Person or Persons, inhabiting in this Province or Territories, who shall confess and acknowledge One almighty God, the Creator, Upholder and Ruler of the World; and profess him or themselves obliged to live quietly under the Civil Government, shall be in any Case molested or prejudiced, in his or their Person or Estate, because of his or their conscientious Persuasion or Practice, nor be compelled to frequent or maintain any religious Worship, Place or Ministry, contrary to his or their Mind.…

—William Penn, Charter of Privileges Granted by William Penn,
esq. to the Inhabitants of Pennsylvania and Territories, October 28, 1701

9. Which of the following best describes the colony of Pennsylvania?

10. William Penn was a member of which of the following persecuted religious groups?

11. Because of Penn's Charter of Privileges, Pennsylvania became

12. Penn's Charter of Privileges can be seen as a forerunner to which of the following?