AP US History Practice Multiple-Choice Questions: Period 4: 1800–1848

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Question 9 questions

Time 9 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

"From whence originated the idea, that it was derogatory to a lady's dignity, or a blot upon the female character, to labor? and who was the first to say, sneeringly, 'Oh, she works for a living'? Surely, such ideas and expressions ought not to grow on republican soil. The time has been, when ladies of the first rank were accustomed to busy themselves in domestic employment.

"Homer tells us of princesses who used to draw water from the springs, and wash with their own hands the finest of the linen of their respective families. The famous Lucretia used to spin in the midst of her attendants; and the wife of Ulysses, after the siege of Troy, employed her self in weaving, until her husband returned to Ithaca. And in later times, the wife of George the Third of England, has been represented as spending a whole evening in hemming pocket-handkerchiefs, while her daughter Mary sat in the corner, darning stockings.

"Few American fortunes will support a woman who is above the calls of her family; and a man of sense, in choosing a companion to jog with him through all the up-hills and down-hills of life, would sooner choose one who had to work for a living, than one who thought it beneath her to soil her pretty hands with manual labor, although she possessed her thousands. To be able to earn one's own living by laboring with the hands, should be reckoned among female accomplishments; and I hope the time is not far distant when none of my countrywomen will be ashamed to have it known that they are better versed in useful, than they are in ornamental accomplishments."

—"Dignity of Labor," The Lowell [Massachusetts] Offering, 1842

1. The essay from the Lowell Offering, quoted above, describes the physical labors performed by important women—princesses in the time of Homer, the Roman noblewoman Lucretia, the wife of Ulysses, and the daughter of King George III of Great Britain—in order to

2. The contributors to the Lowell Offering were

3. The reading from the Lowell Offering reflects which of the following historical developments?

Questions 4-6 refer to the following information.

—Lithograph of the Cherokee tribal member George Guess (also known as Sequoyah), 1828

4. The image above of the Cherokee tribal member George Guess (also known as Sequoyah) demonstrates

5. In the decade following the publication of the previous image, Cherokee Indians

6. The Cherokee Indians received the strongest support in the 1830s from

Questions 7-9 refer to the following information.

"When the day of election approaches, visit your constituents far and wide. Treat liberally, and drink freely, in order to rise in their estimation, though you fall in your own. True, you may be called a drunken dog by some of the clean-shirt and silk-stocking gentry, but the real roughnecks will style you a jovial fellow. Their votes are certain, and frequently count double.

"Do all you can to appear to advantage in the eyes of the women. That's easily done. You have but to kiss and slabber their children, wipe their noses, and pat them on the head. This cannot fail to please their mothers, and you may rely on your business being done in that quarter.

"Promise all that is asked, said I, and more if you can think of anything. Offer to build a bridge or a church, to divide a county, create a batch of new offices, make a turnpike, or anything they like. Promises cost nothing; therefore, deny nobody who has a vote or sufficient influence to obtain one.

"Get up on all occasions, and sometimes on no occasion at all, and make long-winded speeches, though composed of nothing else than wind. Talk of your devotion to country, your modesty and disinterestedness, or any such fanciful subject. Rail against taxes of all kinds, officeholders, and bad harvest weather; and wind up with a flourish about the heroes who fought and bled for our liberties in the times that tried men's souls."

—Robert Penn Smith (writing as David Crockett), Colonel Crockett's Exploits and Adventures in Texas, 1837

7. Which of the following developments from the 1820s and 1830s is illustrated by the reading, above?

8. Which of the following describes an important reason for the trend illustrated by the above passage?

9. The political shifts, evident in the reading, were especially beneficial to