AP US History Practice Multiple-Choice Questions: Period 5: 1844–1877

Test Information

Question 8 questions

Time 8 minutes

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Questions 1-2 refer to the following information.

"It is the sentiment around which all their actions, all their arguments, circle, from which all their propositions radiate. They look upon it as being a moral, social, and political wrong; and while they contemplate it as such, they nevertheless have due regard for its actual existence among us, and the difficulties of getting rid of it in any satisfactory way and to all the constitutional obligations thrown about it. Yet, having a due regard for these, they desire a policy in regard to it that looks to its not creating any more danger. They insist that it should, as far as may be, be treated as a wrong; and one of the methods of treating it as a wrong is to make provision that it shall grow no larger."

—Abraham Lincoln, from debate with Stephen Douglas, October 1858

1. The position of Abraham Lincoln in the above passage emerged most directly in response to which of the following mid-nineteenth century trends?

2. The logic of the quotation is most consistent with

Questions 3-5 refer to the following information.

Occupations of Gainfully Employed Irish Immigrants in New York, 1855Occupation # Irish-born (and % of total)
Bakers861 (23)
Blacksmiths1,339 (50)
Brewers/Distillers52 (14)
Carpenters2,230 (30)
Dressmaker/Seamstress4,559 (46)
Ironworkers150 (56)
Machinists398 (23)
Mason/Bricklayer2,203 (61)
Merchants278 (4)
Policemen292 (25)
Printers519 (25)
Retail shopkeepers916 (35)
Shoemakers2,121 (31)
Tailors4,171 (33)
Wine and liquor dealers891 (55)
Doctors113 (8)
Lawyers40 (4)
Domestic Servants23,386 (74)
Laundresses1,758 (69)
Laborers17,426 (86)
Drivers/Hackmen/Coachmen805 (46)

Source: Robert Ernst, Immigrant Life in New York City, 1825–1863 and NY State Census of 1855 (1994).

3. Which of the following factors was an important cause of the immigration trend reflected in the chart?

4. Which of the following conclusions is supported by the evidence in the chart?

5. Which of the following describes a significant response to the development reflected in the chart?

Questions 6-8 refer to the following information.

"I have directed Commodore Perry to assure your imperial majesty that I entertain the kindest feelings toward your majesty's person and government.

"The United States of America reach from ocean to ocean, and our Territory of Oregon and State of California lie directly opposite to the dominions of your imperial majesty. Our steamships can go from California to Japan in eighteen days.

"Our great State of California produces about sixty millions of dollars in gold every year…and many other valuable articles. Japan is also a rich and fertile country, and produces many very valuable articles.... I am desirous that our two countries should trade with each other, for the benefit both of Japan and the United States.

"We know that the ancient laws of your imperial majesty's government do not allow of foreign trade, except with the Chinese and the Dutch; but as the state of the world changes and new governments are formed, it seems to be wise, from time to time, to make new laws. . . .

"These are the only objects for which I have sent Commodore Perry, with a powerful squadron, to pay a visit to your imperial majesty's renowned city of Yedo: friendship, commerce, a supply of coal and provisions, and protection for our shipwrecked people."

—President Millard Fillmore, letter to the Emperor of Japan, presented by Commodore Matthew Perry, 1853

6. A major goal of Commodore Matthew Perry's expedition was to

7. The United States naval expeditions to Japan in the 1850s, led by Commodore Matthew Perry, resulted in

8. The expedition by Commodore Matthew Perry could best be understood in the context of