AP US History Practice Multiple-Choice Questions: Period 8: 1945–1980

Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

(Note: In the cartoon, the figure on the left is intended to be Senator Joseph McCarthy; the figure on the right is intended to be President Dwight D. Eisenhower):

—Herblock, Washington Post, 1954

1. The 1954 cartoon shown above makes the point that

2. The height of Senator Joseph McCarthy's power and influence coincided with

3. The ideas expressed in the cartoon most directly reflect which of the following continuities in twentieth-century United States history?

Questions 4-5 refer to the following information.

"The pursuit of this widened war has narrowed domestic welfare programs, making the poor, white and Negro, bear the heaviest burdens both at the front and at home. . . . It is estimated that we spend $322,000 for each enemy we kill, while we spend in the so-called war on poverty in America only about $53.00 for each person classified as 'poor.' . . . We have escalated the war in Viet Nam and deescalated the skirmish against poverty. It challenges the imagination to contemplate what lives we could transform if we were to cease killing."

—Martin Luther King, Jr., speech, "The Casualties of War in Vietnam," 1967

4. The speech was written most directly in response to which of the following?

5. The excerpt reflects which of the following trends?