AP US History Practice Test 8

Test Information

Question 12 questions

Time 12 minutes

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Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

"On the 4th of March next this party [the Republican party] will take possession of the government. It has announced that the South shall be excluded from the common territory, that the judicial tribunal shall be made sectional, and that a war must be waged against slavery until it shall cease throughout the United States. The guarantees of the Constitution will then no longer exist; the equal rights of the states will be lost. The slaveholding states will no longer have the power of self-government or self-protection, and the federal government will have become their enemy.

"We, therefore, the people of South Carolina, by our delegates in convention assembled, have solemnly declared that the Union heretofore existing between this state and the other states of North America is dissolved; and that the state of South Carolina has resumed her position among the nations of the world, as [a] separate and independent state, with full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do."

South Carolina defines the causes of secession, 1860

1. Which of the following was an immediate consequence of the secession of South Carolina?

2. The sentiments above are most consistent with which of the following ideologies?

3. In the excerpt above, the reference to "the sanctions of a more erroneous religious belief" most probably refers to

4. Which of the following best explains why South Carolina chose to secede from the Union in 1860?

Questions 5-7 refer to the following information.

"The Opposition tells us that we ought not to govern a people without their consent. I answer, the rule of liberty that all just government derives its authority from the consent of the governed, applies only to those who are capable of self-government. We govern the Indians without their consent, we govern our territories without their consent, we govern our children without their consent. How do they know that our government would be without their consent? Would not the people of the Philippines prefer the just, human, civilizing government of this Republic to the savage, bloody rule of pillage and extortion from which we have rescued them? And, regardless of this formula of words made only for enlightened, self-governing people, do we owe no duty to the world? Shall we turn these peoples back to the reeking hands from which we have taken them? Shall we abandon them, with Germany, England, Japan, hungering for them? Shall we save them from those nations, to give them a self-rule of tragedy?…Then, like men and not like children, let us on to our tasks, our mission, and our destiny."

Albert J. Beveridge, "The March of the Flag," 1898

5. The sentiment expressed by Beveridge best exemplifies which of the following?

6. The United States became politically engaged with the Philippines after what military conflict?

7. Which of the following rationales does Beveridge employ in his argument?

Questions 8-12 refer to the following information.

"Whereas the laws and treaties of the United States, without interfering with the free expression of opinion and sympathy, or with the commercial manufacture or sale of arms or munitions of war, nevertheless impose upon all persons who may be within their territory and jurisdiction the duty of an impartial neutrality during the existence of the contest; And Whereas it is the duty of a neutral government not to permit or suffer the making of its waters subservient to the purposes of war;

"Now, Therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, in order to preserve the neutrality of the United States…do hereby declare and proclaim….

"That the statutes and the treaties of the United States and the law of nations alike require that no person, within the territory and jurisdiction of the United States, shall take part, directly or indirectly, in the said wars, but shall remain at peace with all of the said belligerents, and shall maintain a strict and impartial neutrality…."

Woodrow Wilson, 1914

8. The statement above was most likely prompted by which of the following world events?

9. The statement above is most in harmony with the sentiments in which of the following speeches?

10. All of the following increased federal government power during World War I EXCEPT the

11. Which of the following statements about the Treaty of Versailles is true?

12. Which of the following statements is most accurate?