AP World History Question 405: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 405

9. In response to the criticisms raised by Martin Luther and other Protestant reformers, the Roman Catholic Church made which of the following moves at the Council of Trent?

  • A. It accepted the doctrine of predestination.
  • B. It rejected saints as intermediaries.
  • C. It accepted scriptures in the vernacular.
  • D. It rejected salvation based on faith alone.

Correct Answer: D


The Church reiterated the need for clerical interpretation of scripture and the necessity of good works in order to achieve salvation. Predestination and use of the vernacular (A, C) were both Protestant ideas and thus were rejected. The Council of Trent continued most Catholic practices, including the use of saints as intermediaries (B).