AP World History Practice Test 1

Test Information

Question 10 questions

Time 10 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

Cuneiform tablet containing an administrative account of barley distribution, ca. 3100-2900 B.C.E.

1. The writing form depicted in the image above illustrates which of the following advances in human civilization?

2. Which of the following changes most directly accompanied the increase in grain production during the time period of the cuneiform tablet shown above?

3. Which of the following geographic features was a primary factor that enabled the Sumerians to farm crops such as the barley mentioned in the administrative account shown above?

Questions 4-6 refer to the following information.

"Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighboring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. Its administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition. The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbor for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty. But all this ease in our private relations does not make us lawless as citizens. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace."

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, ca. 415 B.C.E.

4. According to the passage, which of the following is a characteristic of classical Greek democracy?

5. During the time period in which this text was written, who was allowed to participate in the Greek democratic process?

6. Which of the following correctly describes one of the primary reasons that Greek culture was disseminated widely around the Mediterranean region during the time period represented by the passage?

Questions 7-10 refer to the following information.

Source 1:

Map of the Mediterranean and Arab world, ca. 600–750 C.E. (with modern countries superimposed)

Source 2:

"After fighting three battles with the Romans, the Muslims conquered them. So when the chief men of the city saw these things, they went to Amr, and received a certificate of security for the city, that it might not be plundered. This kind of treaty which Muhammad, the chief of the Arabs, taught them, they called the Law; and he says with regard to it: "As for the province of Egypt and any city that agrees with its inhabitants to pay the land-tax to you and to submit to your authority, make a treaty with them, and do them no injury. But plunder and take as prisoners those that will not consent to this and resist you." For this reason the Muslims kept their hands off the province and its inhabitants, but destroyed the nation of the Romans, and their general who was named Marianus. And those of the Romans who escaped fled to Alexandria, and shut its gates upon the Arabs, and fortified themselves within the city."

"And in the year 360 of Diocletian [i.e. 644 C.E.], in the month of December, three years after Amr had taken possession of Memphis, the Muslims captured the city of Alexandria, and destroyed its walls, and burnt many churches with fire. And they burnt the church of Saint Mark, which was built by the sea, where his body was laid; and this was the place to which the father and patriarch, Peter the Martyr, went before his martyrdom, and blessed Saint Mark, and committed to him his reasonable flock, as he had received it. So they burnt this place and the monasteries around it…."

Sawirus ibn al-Muqaffa, History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria, ca. 1080 C.E.

7. The shaded portions of the map shown in Source 1 indicate which of the following?

8. The text in Source 2 reflects which of the following policies commonly employed by Muslim leaders in conquered lands?

9. Which of the following best characterizes the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims during the time period after the death of Muhammad?

10. Which of the following is a major difference between early Christian and early Muslim beliefs?