AP World History Practice Test 11

Test Information

Question 9 questions

Time 9 minutes

See All test questions

Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

MANUFACTURING AS A PERCENTAGE OF GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

Table 1

Table 2

1. Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the data in Table 1?

2. A historian researching the economic history of Latin America from 1900 to the present day would most likely find the two tables useful as a source of information about which of the following?

3. The data presented in the two tables best support which of the following comparative comments about Latin American manufacturing between 1945 and 1980?

4. Which of the following from the period 1450–1750 C.E. best explains the relatively under-industrialized nature of Latin American economies in the twentieth century?

Questions 5-9 refer to the following information.

"The spontaneous forces of capitalism have been steadily growing in the countryside in recent years, with new rich peasants springing up everywhere and many well-to-do middle peasants striving to become rich peasants. On the other hand, many poor peasants are still living in poverty for lack of sufficient means of production, with some in debt and others selling or renting out their land. If this tendency goes unchecked, the polarization in the countryside will inevitably be aggravated day by day. Those peasants who lose their land and those who remain in poverty will complain that we are doing nothing to save them from ruin or to help them overcome their difficulties. Nor will the well-to-do middle peasants who are heading in the capitalist direction be pleased with us, for we shall never be able to satisfy their demands unless we intend to take the capitalist road. Can the worker-peasant alliance continue to stand in these circumstances? Obviously not! There is no solution to this problem except on a new basis. And that means to bring about, step by step, the socialist transformation of the whole of agriculture simultaneously with the gradual realization of socialist industrialization and the socialist transformation of handicrafts and capitalist industry and commerce; in other words, it means to carry out co-operation and eliminate the rich-peasant economy and the individual economy in the countryside so that all the rural people will become increasingly well off together. We maintain that this is the only way to consolidate the worker-peasant alliance."

Mao Zedong, On the Question of Agricultural Co-operation, 1955

5. Mao's quotation is best understood in the context of which of the following?

6. The developments described in the speech regarding the cooperation of the peasant economy contributed most directly to which of the following global processes?

7. Which of the following best explains Mao's concept of the "socialist transformation of the whole of agriculture" in China?

8. Mao's view of the cooperation of peasant labor most directly reflects the influence of which of the following?

9. Which of the following later developments would most undermine the hopes expressed by Mao in the second-to-last line of the passage?