AP World History Practice Test 15

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Question 13 questions

Time 13 minutes

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Questions 1-5 refer to the following information.

"The quicksilver mines of Huancavelica are where the poor Indians are so harshly punished, where they are tortured and so many Indians die; it is there that the noble caciques [headmen] of this kingdom are finished off and tortured. The same is true in all the other mines: the silver mines of Potosi [and others]….The owners and stewards of the mines, whether Spaniards, mestizos, or Indians, are such tyrants, with no fear of God or Justice, because they are not audited and are not inspected twice a year….

And they are not paid for the labor of traveling to and from the mines or for the time they spend at the mines. The Indians, under the pretext of mining chores, are made to spend their workdays herding cattle and conveying goods; they are sent off to the plains, and the Indians die. These Indians are not paid for their labor, and their work is kept hidden.

And [the mine owners] keep Indian cooking women in their residences; they use cooking as a pretext for taking concubines….And they oblige the Indians to accept corn or meat or chicha [corn beer]…at their own expense, and they deduct the price from their labor and their workdays. In this way, the Indians end up very poor and deep in debt, and they have no way to pay their tribute.

There is no remedy for all this, because any [colonial official] who enters comes to an agreement with the mine owners, and all the owners join forces in bribing him….Even the protector of the Indians is useless;…he [does not] warn Your Majesty or your royal Audiencia [court] about the harms done to the poor Indians."

Excerpt from The First New Chronicle and Good Government [abridged], by Felipe Guaman Poma de Alaya. Selected, translated, and annotated by David Frye. Copyright 2006 Hackett Publishing Company. Reprinted with permission from the publisher.

Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, The First New Chronicle and Good Government, ca. 1610

1. The views expressed in the passage are best seen as evidence for which of the following in the society of Spanish South America?

2. Which of the following conclusions about the period 1450–1750 C.E. is most directly supported by the passage?

3. Compared to the practices in the excerpt, English treatment of the natives in the New World differed in that they

4. Which of the following changes to the Spanish policies towards Native Americans occurred on account of the practices described in the passage?

5. The production of the mines mentioned in the passage most directly contributed to which of the following in the period 1450–1750 C.E.?

Questions 6-9 refer to the following information.

Source 1:

"The Sovereign Congress of Venezuela, to which authority the people of the Republic of the New Granada have voluntarily stood by.

Considering:

1. "That united in a single Republic, the provinces of Venezuela and the New Granada have all proportions and ways to elevate themselves to a higher grade of power and prosperity.

2. "That constituted in separate republics, for any more stronger the ties that these have united them, so far from taking advantages of so many advantages, they would hardly consolidate and make respect their sovereignty.

3. "That these truths, highly penetrated by superior talented men and of an enlightened patriotism, had moved the governments of both republics to convene in a reunion that the vicissitudes of wars decreed and decree the following fundamental Law of the Republic of Colombia:

ARTICLE 1. The Republics of Venezuela and New Granada are from this day on united in a single one under the glorious title of Republic of Colombia….

ARTICLE 4. The Executive Power of the Republic will be vested on the President and in case of his defect a Vice President and his replacement will be appointed interimly by the acting Congress."

Fundamental Law Establishing Gran Colombia, passed by the Congress of Angostura convened by Simon Bolivar, 1819

Source 2:

"IN THE NAME OF THE HOLY TRINITY.

TITLE 1 - Of the Empire of Brazil, its Territories, Government, dynasty, and Religion.

Art. 1. The EMPIRE of Brazil is the political association for all Brazilian citizens. These will form a free and independent nation, and will not form any other union or federation, which may cause it to lose its own Independence.

Art. 2. Its territory is divided into provinces in the form in which it currently finds itself; these may be subdivided, as is required for the good of the state.

Art. 3. Its government is a Hereditary Monarchy, constitutional, and Representative.

Art. 4. The prevailing dynasty is that of the Lord Dom Pedro I, the sitting Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil.

Art. 5. The Catholic Apostolic Roman Religion will continue to be the religion of the Empire. Followers of all other religions are allowed to worship within their households, or particular houses for that intent, so long as there is nothing indicating this on the exterior of the Temple."

Constitution of the Empire of Brazil, March 25, 1824

6. Taken together, the two sources best illustrate which of the following aspects of political philosophy in the period circa 1750–1900 C.E.?

7. Which of the following is most directly responsible for creating the constitutions above?

8. Which of the following would most undermine the expectations expressed in Article 1 of Source 1?

9. Which of the following inferences about religion in the period 1750–1900 C.E. is supported by Source 2?

Questions 10-13 refer to the following information.

"MAHATMA GANDHI'S MESSAGE.

REMAIN NON-VIOLENT

The following message was sent by Mahatma Gandhi from Waltair:—

Maulana Mohamed AH was arrested at Waltair under sections 107 and 108 to be called upon to give security, to be of good behaviour for one year. The place and date of trial is unknown.

The Begum Saheba and Mr. Hayat were permitted to see him after arrest.

He and I were going to address a meeting outside the station. He was arrested. I continued going to the meeting and addressed them. There is no cause for sorrow, but every cause for congratulation. There should be no hartal. Perfect peace and calmness should be observed. I regard the arrest as a prelude to Swaraj and the redress of the Khilafat and the Punjab wrongs, if we can remain non-violent. Retain Hindu-Muslim Unity despite the madness of some Moplahs, and fulfil the Swadeshi programme.

I hope every Indian, man or woman, will completely boycott foreign cloth and take up spinning or weaving during every spare minute.

By striving like the Maulana, be insistent on religious and national rights.

Let us earn imprisonment. I am conscious of the Maulana's innocence and I am sure the imprisonment of the innocent will enable the nation to reach the cherished goal."

Mohandas Gandhi, The Pilgrims' March, 1921

10. The boycott mentioned in the fifth paragraph is best understood in the context of which of the following historical developments?

11. The instructions indicated in the fourth paragraph to remain nonviolent most likely inspired which of the following historical developments?

12. Which of the following historical developments from the period 1450–1750 C.E. most inspired the instructions indicated in the fifth paragraph to boycott foreign cloth?

13. Which of the following historical developments most assisted the ultimate success of the boycott mentioned in the fifth paragraph?