AP World History Practice Test 16

Test Information

Question 12 questions

Time 12 minutes

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Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

"To slacken the tempo would mean falling behind. And those who fall behind get beaten. But we do not want to be beaten. No, we refuse to be beaten! One feature of the history of old Russia was the continual beatings she suffered because of her backwardness. She was beaten by the Mongol khans. She was beaten by the Turkish beys. She was beaten by the Swedish feudal lords. She was beaten by the Polish and Lithuanian gentry. She was beaten by the British and French capitalists. She was beaten by the Japanese barons. All beat her––because of her backwardness, because of her military backwardness, cultural backwardness, political backwardness, industrial backwardness, agricultural backwardness. They beat her because it was profitable and could be done with impunity. You remember the words of the pre-revolutionary poet: "You are poor and abundant, mighty and impotent, Mother Russia." Those gentlemen were quite familiar with the verses of the old poet. They beat her, saying: "You are abundant," so one can enrich oneself at your expense. They beat her, saying: "You are poor and impotent," so you can be beaten and plundered with impunity. Such is the law of the exploiters––to beat the backward and the weak. It is the jungle law of capitalism. You are backward, you are weak––therefore you are wrong; hence you can be beaten and enslaved. You are mighty––therefore you are right; hence we must be wary of you.

That is why we must no longer lag behind."

Joseph Stalin, speech delivered at the first All-Union Conference of Leading Personnel of Socialist Industry, February 4, 1931

1. The speech as a whole is best understood in the context of which of the following historical developments?

2. The reference to the "continual beatings" most directly supports which of the following decisions in later Soviet foreign policy?

3. Stalin's efforts to advance Russia as justified by his mention of the "continual beatings" were vindicated by which of the following historical events?

4. Stalin's speech is most strongly influenced by which of the following?

Questions 5-8 refer to the following information.

Gross Domestic Product (Total Economic Output) of Japan from Selected Years

Year GDP (million yen) GDP per capita

1934 17,422 255
1937 19,949 282
1940 22,848 312
1942 23,445 322
1944 22,538 303
1946 13,083 173
1955 25,399 282

5. Which of the following best explains the changes illustrated in the table from 1937 to 1942?

6. Which of the following best explains the changes illustrated in the table from 1942 to 1946?

7. Which of the following best explains the changes illustrated in the table after 1946?

8. What conclusion would be best supported by the data presented in the table?

Questions 9-12 refer to the following information.

"Article 1

The Parties undertake, as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations, to settle any international dispute in which they may be involved by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not endangered, and to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.

"Article 2

The Parties will contribute toward the further development of peaceful and friendly international relations by strengthening their free institutions, by bringing about a better understanding of the principles upon which these institutions are founded, and by promoting conditions of stability and well-being. They will seek to eliminate conflict in their international economic policies and will encourage economic collaboration between any or all of them.

"Article 3

In order more effectively to achieve the objectives of this Treaty, the Parties, separately and jointly, by means of continuous and effective self-help and mutual aid, will maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack…

"Article 5

The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defence recognised by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other Parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area."

North Atlantic Treaty, April 4, 1949

9. The treaty above is most clearly an example of which of the following?

10. Based on the treaty, the United Nations mentioned in the first paragraph is an example of which of the following?

11. Which of the following best explains why the North Atlantic Treaty was signed by its participating countries?

12. The North Atlantic Treaty in the passage above most clearly supports which of the following concepts?