AP World History Practice Test 2

Test Information

Question 10 questions

Time 10 minutes

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Questions 1-2 refer to the following information.

"Upon their arrival they were honorably and graciously received by the grand Khan, in a full assembly of his principal officers. When they drew nigh to his person, they paid their respects by prostrating themselves on the floor. He immediately commanded them to rise, and to relate to him the circumstances of their travels, with all that had taken place in their negotiation with his holiness the pope. To their narrative, which they gave in the regular order of events, and delivered in perspicuous language, he listened with attentive silence. The letters and the presents from pope Gregory were then laid before him, and, upon hearing the former read, he bestowed much commendation on the fidelity, the zeal, and the diligence of his ambassadors; and receiving with due reverence the oil from the holy sepulchre, he gave directions that it should be preserved with religious care. Upon his observing Marco Polo, and inquiring who he was, Nicolo made answer, This is your servant, and my son; upon which the grand Khan replied, "He is welcome, and it pleases me much," and he caused him to be enrolled amongst his attendants of honor. And on account of their return he made a great feast and rejoicing; and as long as the said brothers and Marco remained in the court of the grand Khan, they were honored even above his own courtiers. Marco was held in high estimation and respect by all belonging to the court. He learnt in a short time and adopted the manners of the Tartars, and acquired a proficiency in four different languages, which he became qualified to read and write."

Marco Polo's Travels, ca. 1300 C.E.

1. The encounter described in the account above illustrates which of the following?

2. Which of the following best characterizes one way in which the Mongol Empire was very different from the other major empires of the ancient and medieval worlds?

Questions 3-5 refer to the following information.

Source 1:

Diagram of a slave ship from the transatlantic slave trade, ca. 1790

Source 2:

"Are you a man? Then you should have an human heart. But have you indeed? What is your heart made of? Is there no such principle as compassion there? Do you never feel another's pain? Have you no sympathy? No sense of human woe? No pity for the miserable? When you saw the flowing eyes, the heaving breasts, the bleeding sides and tortured limbs of your fellow-creatures, was you a stone, or a brute? Did you look upon them with the eyes of a tiger? When you squeezed the agonizing creatures down in the ship, or when you threw their poor mangled remains into the sea, had you no relenting? Did not one tear drop from your eye, one sigh escape from your breast? Do you feel no relenting now? If you do not, you must go on, till the measure of your iniquities is full. Then will the great GOD deal with you, as you have dealt with them, and require all their blood at your hands."

Excerpt courtesy of the Rare Book Collection, Wilson Special Collections Library, UNC-Chapel Hill.

John Wesley, Thoughts Upon Slavery, 1774

3. The sentiment exhibited in Source 2 reflects the concerns of which of the following groups?

4. Which of the following most accurately depicts the historical context of the movements of goods and people (Source 1) during the centuries of transatlantic trade?

5. Which of the following correctly characterizes one consequence of the layout of transatlantic slaves shown in Source 1?

Questions 6-8 refer to the following information.

Map of European colonies in Africa, early 20th century

Source 2:

"I repeat, that the superior races have a right because they have a duty. They have the duty to civilize the inferior races….In the history of earlier centuries these duties, gentlemen, have often been misunderstood; and certainly when the Spanish soldiers and explorers introduced slavery into Central America, they did not fulfill their duty as men of a higher race….But, in our time, I maintain that European nations acquit themselves with generosity, with grandeur, and with sincerity of this superior civilizing duty.

I say that French colonial policy, the policy of colonial expansion, the policy that has taken us under the Empire [the Second Empire, of Napoleon], to Saigon, to Indochina [Vietnam], that has led us to Tunisia, to Madagascar-I say that this policy of colonial expansion was inspired by…the fact that a navy such as ours cannot do without safe harbors, defenses, supply centers on the high seas….Are you unaware of this? Look at a map of the world."

Jules Ferry, On French Colonial Expansion, 1884

6. The boundary lines on the map (Source 1) reflect which of the following?

7. The reference in Source 2 to "superior" and "inferior races" reflect which of the following attitudes?

8. Which of the following describes a negative short-term effect of the European colonization of Africa?

Questions 9-10 refer to the following information.

Source 1:

"The case of a broken thigh is analogous to that of the arm, but in particular, a fractured thigh is mostly deranged forwards and outwards, for the bone is naturally flattened on those sides. It is to be set by the hands, with ligatures, and even cords applied, the one above and the other below the fracture. When the fracture takes place at one end, if at the head of the thigh, the middle part of a thong wrapped round with wool, so that it may not cut the parts there, is to be applied to the perineum, and the ends of it brought up to the head and given to an assistant to hold, and applying a ligature below the fracture, we give the ends of it to another assistant to make extension. If it is fractured near the knee, we apply the ligature immediately above the fracture, and give the ends to an assistant, with which to make extension upwards; and while we put a ligature round the knee to secure it, and while the patient lies thus, with his leg extended, we arrange the fracture."

Paul of Aegina, Epitome: On the Fracture of the Thigh and Nose, late seventh century C.E.

Source 2:

"Medicine considers the human body as to the means by which it is cured and by which it is driven away from health. The knowledge of anything, since all things have causes, is not acquired or complete unless it is known by its causes. Therefore in medicine we ought to know the causes of sickness and health. And because health and sickness and their causes are sometimes manifest, and sometimes hidden and not to be comprehended except by the study of symptoms, we must also study the symptoms of health and disease. Now it is established in the sciences that no knowledge is acquired save through the study of its causes and beginnings, if it has had causes and beginnings; nor completed except by knowledge of its accidents and accompanying essentials."

Ibn Sina (Avicenna), On Medicine, ca. 1020 C.E.

9. The two passages on medicine illustrate which of the following cultural exchanges that occurred in the period 600–1450 C.E.?

10. Which of the following characterizes both of the passages?