AP World History Practice Test 25

Test Information

Question 9 questions

Time 9 minutes

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Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

In fact, the peculiar aggravation of the Cawnpore massacres was this, that the deed was done by a subject race — by black men who dared to shed the blood of their masters, and that of poor helpless ladies and children. Here we had not only a servile war, but we had a war of religion, a war of race, and a war of revenge, of hope, of national promptings to shake off the yoke of a stranger, and to re-establish the full power of native chiefs, and the full sway of native religions. Whatever the causes of the mutiny and the revolt, it is clear enough that one of the modes by which the leaders, as if by common instinct, determined to effect their end was, the destruction of every white man, woman or child who fell into their hands.

British journalist William Howard Russell, My Indian Mutlny Diary, 1860

Violence, it must be emphasized, was an essential component of the British presence in India. A dominant power is always uneasy with violence directed against it. The right to violence is, therefore, everywhere a privilege that authority enjoys and refuses to share with those under it: power always insists on violence as its exclusive monopoly. British rule in India, as an autocracy, had meticulously constructed a monopoly of violence. The revolt of 1857 shattered that monopoly by matching an official, alien violence by an indigenous violence of the colonized. The bodies of the British had acquired certain dignities in India that were predestined by birth and by the colour of their skin. This was the condition of their domination, of their superiority: rulers and ruled were arranged hierarchically as superior and inferior races, as civilized and uncivilized. And this superiority manifested itself by denying to the Indians a "humanness"; by treating them and conceiving of them as animals.

Rudrangshu Mukherjee, "The Kanpur [Cawnpore] Massacres in India in the Revolt of 1857," 1990

1. The passages above can best be connected with which of the following forms of violence?

2. From the perspective of the first passage, the death of British citizens at Cawnpore

3. According to the second passage, the Cawnpore Massacre

4. In the short term, the events discussed in both passages led to which of the following outcomes?

Questions 5-9 refer to the following information.

WORLD GDP, 1600–1870 (in millions of dollars, calculated to 1990 value)

5. According to the chart above, which of the following experienced the highest rate of economic growth, as measured by share of world GDP, between 1600 and 1870?

6. Which of the following best describes economic trends in China during the timespan covered in the chart?

7. Which of the following had an important direct effect on the economic developments depicted in the chart?

8. Which of the following factors would have had the most significant impact on economic developments in India during the timespan covered in the chart?

9. British economic interactions with India during the timespan covered in the chart would have been chiefly concerned with which of the following commodities?