AP World History Practice Test 28

Test Information

Question 10 questions

Time 10 minutes

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Questions 1-5 refer to the following information.

Whether the question be to continue or to discontinue the practice of sati, the decision is equally surrounded by an awful responsibility. To consent to the consignment year after year of hundreds of innocent victims to a cruel and untimely end, when the power exists of preventing it, is a predicament which no conscience can contemplate without horror. But, on the other hand, to put to hazard by a contrary course the very safety of the British Empire in India is an alternative which itself may be considered a still greater evil. When we had powerful neighbours and greater reason to doubt our own security, expediency might recommend a more cautious proceeding, but now that we are supreme my opinion is decidedly in favour of an open and general prohibition.

William Bentinck, Govenor-General of India, "On the Suppression of Sati," 1829

I have made it my study to examine the nature and character of the Indians [who trade with us], and however repugnant it may be to our feelings, I am convinced they must be ruled with a rod of iron, to bring and keep them in a proper state of subordination, and the most certain way to effect this is by letting them feel their dependence on [the foodstuffs and manufactured goods we sell them].

George Simpson, Head of Northern Department, Hudson's Bay Company, 1826

1. The passages above are best understood in the context of which of the following practices?

2. The tone of the first passage best supports which of the following suppositions about British motivations for eradicating the sati ritual?

3. Which of the following resources would the author of the second passage have been most likely interested in obtaining from local natives?

4. The first passage can be said to undermine which commonly held assumption about Western imperialism?

5. The authors of both passages served institutions associated with which of the following colonial techniques commonly used by Western imperial powers?

Questions 6-7 refer to the following information.

6. The innovation depicted in the image above is best regarded as

7. Which of the following can most reasonably be concluded about the kind of society that would build the structure depicted in the image above?

Questions 8-10 refer to the following information.

While some theorists in the Middle Ages argued that the jihad was a defensive war… most authorities held that the obligation of jihad did not lapse until all the world was brought under the sway of Islam. The Bahr [al-Fava'id, or "Sea of Precious Virtues," written in the 1150s or 1160s] insists that the first duty of a Muslim ruler is to prosecute the jihad and bring about the victory of Islam, and if he does not do so and he makes peace with the infidel, that ruler would be better dead than alive, for he would be corrupting the world.

Robert Irwin, "Islam and the Crusades," 1995

It is strange how the Christians round Mount Lebanon, when they see any Muslim hermits, bring them food and treat them kindly, saying that these men are dedicated to the Great and Glorious God and that they should therefore share with them. Likewise, not one Christian merchant was stopped or hindered in Muslim territories.

Ibn Jubayr, Muslim scholar, traveling to Mecca and Jerusalem, ca. 1185

8. These two passages are best understood in the context of which of the following?

9. The first passage tends to support which of the following traditional historical assumptions?

10. The second passage undermines traditional historical assumptions by