AP World History Practice Test 3

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Question 11 questions

Time 11 minutes

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Questions 1-4 refer to the following information.

Source 1:

Reconstruction of the Aztec Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

Source 2:

"This great city contains a large number of temples, or houses, for their idols, very handsome edifices, which are situated in the different districts and the suburbs; in the principal ones religious persons of each particular sect are constantly residing, for whose use, besides the houses containing the idols, there are other convenient habitations. All these persons dress in black, and never cut or comb their hair from the time they enter the priesthood until they leave it; and all the sons of the principal inhabitants, both nobles and respectable citizens, are placed in the temples and wear the same dress from the age of seven or eight years until they are taken out to be married; which occurs more frequently with the first-born who inherit estates than with the others. The priests are debarred from female society, nor is any woman permitted to enter the religious houses. They also abstain from eating certain kinds of food, more at some seasons of the year than others.

Among these temples there is one which far surpasses all the rest, whose grandeur of architectural details no human tongue is able to describe; for within its precincts, surrounded by a lofty wall, there is room enough for a town of five hundred families. Around the interior of the enclosure there are handsome edifices, containing large halls and corridors, in which the religious persons attached to the temple reside. There are fully forty towers, which are lofty and well built, the largest of which has fifty steps leading to its main body, and is higher than the tower of the principal tower of the church at Seville. The stone and wood of which they are constructed are so well wrought in every part, that nothing could be better done, for the interior of the chapels containing the idols consists of curious imagery, wrought in stone, with plaster ceilings, and wood-work carved in relief, and painted with figures of monsters and other objects. All these towers are the burial places of the nobles, and every chapel in them is dedicated to a particular idol, to which they pay their devotions."

Hernan Cortés, Second Letter to Charles V, ca. 1520

1. Which of the following was an Aztec practice that took place at temples, such as that depicted in Source 1, and highly disturbed the Spanish conquistadors?

2. Which of the following describes the primary motivation of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire?

3. The description of Tenochtitlan's temples in Source 2 indicates that which of the following was true of Aztec society in the sixteenth century?

4. Cortés' numerous references to "idols" in Source 2 illustrates which of the following conflicts between the Spanish conquistadors and the peoples of the New World?

Questions 5-9 refer to the following information.

Source 1:

Source 2:

5. Which of the following political eras in Japan best contextualizes the dramatic increases shown in the charts above?

6. In addition to the increased industrialization shown in the charts above, which of the following occurred in Japan in the late nineteenth century?

7. Based on the charts and your knowledge of world history, how was industrialization in Japan different from industrialization in Europe?

8. Which of the following was an effect of Japanese industrial and military strength on its relationship with its neighbors in the time period shown in the tables?

9. Which of the following was a long-term effect of the rapid growth of Japanese shipbuilding capability illustrated in Source 2?

Questions 10-11 refer to the following information.

Source 1:

"In the days of a great struggle against a foreign enemy who has been endeavoring for three years to enslave our country, it pleased God to send Russia a further painful trial. Internal troubles threatened to have a fatal effect on the further progress of this obstinate war. The destinies of Russia, the honor of her heroic Army, the happiness of the people, and the whole future of our beloved country demand that the war should be conducted at all costs to a victorious end.

The cruel enemy is making his last efforts and the moment is near when our valiant Army, in concert with our glorious Allies, will finally overthrow the enemy. In these decisive days in the life of Russia we have thought that we owed to our people the close union and organization of all its forces for the realization of a rapid victory; for which reason, in agreement with the Imperial Duma, we have recognized that it is for the good of the country that we should abdicate the Crown of the Russian State and lay down the Supreme Power."

Tsar Nicholas II, Abdication, March 15, 1917

Source 2:

"History will not forgive revolutionaries for procrastinating when they could be victorious today (and they certainly will be victorious today), while they risk losing much tomorrow, in fact, the risk losing everything.

If we seize power today, we seize it not in opposition to the Soviets but on their behalf. The seizure of power is the business of the uprising; its political purpose will become clear after the seizure….

It would be an infinite crime on the part of the revolutionaries were they to let the chance slip, knowing that the salvation of the revolution, the offer of peace, the salvation of Petrograd, salvation from famine, the transfer of the land to the peasants depend upon them.

The government is tottering. It must be given the death-blow at all costs."

Vladimir Illyich Lenin, Call to Power, October 24, 1917

10. Czar Nicholas II's declaration of abdication in Source 1 is best understood in light of which of the following?

11. What was the principal philosophical underpinning of Lenin's call to power in Source 2?