AP World History Practice Test 34

Test Information

Question 9 questions

Time 9 minutes

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Questions 1-5 refer to the following information.

The image shows the use of a pre-Columbian wooden foot plow.

—Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, 1616

1. What can one infer from the above illustration?

2. Metal work and animal-drawn plows were essential parts of the development of complex societies in Africa and Eurasia, but not in the Americas. This would indicate which of the following?

3. Which of the following was the major difference between the Aztecs and other early empires?

4. A historian arguing that there were limited interregional networks in the Americas might use which of the following as evidence?

5. Chinampas and terraces, used in Aztec and Incan agriculture, both show which of the following?

Questions 6-9 refer to the following information.

But the decline of Rome was the natural and inevitable effect of immoderate greatness. Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the causes of destruction multiplied with the extent of conquest; and, as soon as time or accident had removed the artificial supports, the stupendous fabric yielded to the pressure of its own weight. . . . The victorious legions, who, in distant wars, acquired the vices of strangers and mercenaries, first oppressed the freedom of the republic, and afterwards violated the majesty of the purple. The emperors, anxious for their personal safety and the public peace, were reduced to the base expedient of corrupting the discipline which rendered them alike formidable to their sovereign and to the enemy; the vigour of the military . . . was relaxed . . . ; and the Roman world was overwhelmed by a deluge of Barbarians.

—Adapted from Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, by Edward Gibbon

6. The reasons given in the above passage for the fall of the Roman Empire could also be applied to which other classical empires?

7. The decline of the Roman Empire and that of its Chinese counterpart resulted in which of the following?

8. Most classical empires shared which of the following traits?

9. The author of the above passage claims: "Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the causes of destruction multiplied with the extent of conquest." What does he mean by this?