AP World History Practice Test 39

Test Information

Question 11 questions

Time 11 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

The image below shows a frieze of a Buddhist couple around a stupa with Corinthian columns on either side, India, c. 1st century CE.

1. What historical process is best illustrated by this frieze?

2. The combination of Greek culture and eastern political forms shown in this frieze is illustrative of which of the following periods?

3. The adoption of conquered people's ideas, institutions, and traditions by ruling groups is best characterized by which of the following rulers?

Questions 4-7 refer to the following information.

At the peak of their power, the domains of the Mongol khans, or rulers, made up a vast realm in which once-hostile peoples lived together in peace and virtually all religions were tolerated. . . . The law code first promulgated by Chinggis Khan ordered human interaction. The result was an important new stage in international contact. From eastern Europe to southern China, merchants and travelers could move across the well-policed Mongol domains without fear for their lives or property. The great swath of Mongol territory that covered or connected most of Europe, Asia, and the Middle East served as a bridge between the civilizations of the Eastern Hemisphere. The caravans and embassies that crossed the Mongol lands transmitted new food, inventions, and ideas from one civilized pool to others and from civilized pools to the nomadic peoples who served as intermediaries. Secure trade routes made for prosperous merchants and wealthy, cosmopolitan cities. They also facilitated the spread of foods [and] inventions . . . a major force for economic and social development and the enhancement of civilized life.

—Robert Guisepi, 1992

4. The legacies or adaptations of legacies from the Mongol empire are varied. Most notably, they include which of the following selections?

5. The Mongol empire used which of the following to integrate its vast, geographically diverse area?

6. Which of the following was a long-term consequence of the Mongol conquest of Russia in the 1200s?

7. Which statement most accurately compares the Mongol (post-classical) empire with the Persian (classical) empire?

Questions 8-11 refer to the following information.

Yi Yin sacrificed to the former king, and presented the heir-king reverently before the shrine of his grandfather. . . . Yi Yin then clearly described the virtue of the Meritorious Ancestor for the instruction of the young king.

"Oh! of old the former kings of Xia cultivated earnestly their virtue, and then there were no calamities from Heaven. The spirits of the hills and rivers were all in tranquility; and the birds and beasts enjoyed their existence according to their nature. But their descendant did not follow their example, and Heaven sent down calamities, using our ruler, who possessed of its favor. The attack on Xia may be traced to the orgies in Ming Tiao. . . . Our king of Shang brilliantly displayed his sagely prowess; for oppression he substituted his generous gentleness. Now your Majesty is entering on the inheritance of his virtue; all depends on how you commence your reign.

"Oh! the former king began with careful attention to the bonds that hold men together. . . . Revere these warnings in your person. . . . The ways of Heaven are not invariable: on the good-doer it sends down all blessings, and on the evil-doer it sends down all miseries. If you not be virtuous, be it in large things or in small, it will bring the ruin of your ancestral temple."

—Excerpted and adapted from the Shu Jing, 6th century BCE, China

8. Which of the following best supports the importance of ancestor worship in China during the period 600 BCE to 600 CE?

9. Which phrase can be seen as a statement of the roots of Daoist beliefs?

10. What does the phrase below tell us about the ruler?

Heaven sent down calamities, using our ruler, who possessed of its favor.

11. Based on the passage, which of the following statements correctly describes politics in China during the period 600 BCE to 600 CE?