AP World History Practice Test 41

Test Information

Question 12 questions

Time 12 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

The map below depicts the "Scramble for Africa" that was codified at the Berlin Conference of 1884–1885.

1. The political boundaries shown on the map of Africa reflect which of the following white European beliefs?

2. What has changed since this map was drawn?

3. Which of the following is a direct legacy of the African colonial experience?

Questions 4-7 refer to the following information.

The city of Ghana consists of two towns. One is inhabited by Muslims and has twelve mosques, salaried imams and muezzins, and jurists and scholars. In the environs are wells with sweet water, from which they drink and with which they grow vegetables. . . . The king's interpreters, the official in charge of his treasury and the majority of his ministers are Muslims. Only royalty may wear sewn clothes. All other people wear robes of cotton, silk, or brocade, according to their means. . . . The king adorns himself like a woman, wearing necklaces round his neck and bracelets on his forearms. . . . He sits . . . in a domed pavilion around which stand ten horses. When people who profess the same religion as the king approach him they fall on their knees and sprinkle dust on their heads, for this is their way of greeting him. As for the Muslims, they greet him only by clapping their hands. [The people's] religion is paganism and the worship of idols. . . . On every donkey-load of salt when it is brought into the country their king levies one golden dinar, and two dinars when it is sent out. From a load of copper the king's due is five mithqals, and from a load of other goods ten mithqals. . . . The nuggets found in all the mines of his country are reserved for the king, only this gold dust being left for the people. But for this the people would accumulate gold until it lost its value. Beyond this country lies another called Malal, the king of which was sincerely attached to Islam, while the common people of his kingdom remained polytheists. Since then their rulers have been given the title of al-musulmani .

—The Book of Routes and Realms , by Abu Ubaydallah al-Bakri, eleventh-century Muslim historian and geographer

4. According to the passage, which statement below correctly describes the economy of Ghana?

5. What evidence is there in the passage that Ghanians were engaged, directly or indirectly, in trade with Asia?

6. What is the most likely explanation for a Muslim being in charge of the Ghanian treasury?

7. Based on the excerpt, which of the following statements correctly describes Islam's influence in Africa during this time period?

Questions 8-12 refer to the following information.

8. According to the map, the earliest Atlantic exploration voyages originated in

9. Which historical facts can be explained by the information on this map?

10. Zheng He engaged in oceanic exploration for China as early as 1405, well before the Europeans, yet 1450 is frequently used to mark the beginning of this era. Which statement below best explains using the later date?

11. Which part of the world had previously been omitted from trans-regional trade networks?

12. Which historical phenomenon resulted from the events depicted on the map?