AP World History Practice Test 6

Test Information

Question 9 questions

Time 9 minutes

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Questions 1-3 refer to the following information.

"Upon this a question arises: whether it be better to be loved than feared or feared than loved? It may be answered that one should wish to be both, but, because it is difficult to unite them in one person, it is much safer to be feared than loved, when, of the two, either must be dispensed with. Because this is to be asserted in general of men, that they are ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, covetous, and as long as you succeed they are yours entirely; they will offer you their blood, property, life, and children, as is said above, when the need is far distant; but when it approaches they turn against you. And that prince who, relying entirely on their promises, has neglected other precautions, is ruined; because friendships that are obtained by payments, and not by greatness or nobility of mind, may indeed be earned, but they are not secured, and in time of need cannot be relied upon; and men have less scruple in offending one who is beloved than one who is feared, for love is preserved by the link of obligation which, owing to the baseness of men, is broken at every opportunity for their advantage; but fear preserves you by a dread of punishment which never fails."

Nicolo Machiavelli, The Prince, ca. 1513 C.E.

1. Which of the following best characterizes the author's attitude in the passage?

2. Machiavelli's treatise is best understood in the context of which of the following?

3. The political philosophy espoused in the text above is different from those of the medieval period in which of the following ways?

Questions 4-5 refer to the following information.

Source 1:

"It is impossible to demand that an impossible position should be cleared up by peaceful revision and at the same time constantly reject peaceful revision. It is also impossible to say that he who undertakes to carry out these revisions for himself transgresses a law, since the Versailles "Diktat" is not law to us. A signature was forced out of us with pistols at our head and with the threat of hunger for millions of people. And then this document, with our signature, obtained by force, was proclaimed as a solemn law."

Adolf Hitler, speech to the Reichstag, September 1, 1939

Source 2:

"We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and the oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender."

Winston Churchill, speech before Parliament, June 4, 1940

4. What is the historical background for Adolf Hitler's condemnation of the Treaty of Versailles mentioned in Source 1?

5. Winston Churchill's speech in Source 2 is best understood in the context of which of the following?

Questions 6-9 refer to the following information.

This ruler of Syria made me spend many years as commander of his army,
Every land to which I turned
I overcame.
I destroyed its green fields and its wells,
I captured its cattle, I took captive its inhabitants, I deprived them of their provisions,
and I slew [many] people…by my sword, my bow, my marchings, and my good devices.
Thus my excellence was in his heart; he loved me and he knew my valor;
…he set me at the head of his sons, when he saw the success of my handiwork.
There came a champion of Syria
to defy me in my tent;
a bold man without equal, for he had vanquished all his rivals.
He said, "Let Sanehat fight with me."
He thought to overcome me; he designed to take my cattle, thus being counseled by his tribe.

The Tale of Sanehat, Egyptian poem written during the Middle Kingdom, ca.1800 B.C.E.

6. Which of the following developments in early urban societies in Mesopotamia and Egypt is most directly supported by the passage?

7. The text of this passage is best seen as evidence of which of the following in Egyptian society?

8. Which of the following best describes foreign policy followed by the Egyptian New Kingdom, which existed between 1550 and 1069 B.C.E.?

9. Which of the following best describes the most common political significance of conflict between states to the rulers of early civilizations?